Pakistan Security Brief

ISI brokered meeting between U.S. and Haqqani Network, pushed for Haqqani element in Afghan government; Allen cites Pakistan safe havens as biggest challenge in Afghanistan; Gilani claims victory in U.S.-Pakistan row; Pakistan calls for U.S. to investigate January 27 shooting in Lahore; Karzai criticizes Pakistani cooperation on security issues; Afghan officials accuse Pakistan of refusal to assist in Rabbani murder investigation; China-Pakistan relationship falls short of defense agreement; TTP welcomes negotiation with Pakistani government; 12 Shias killed by gunmen in Quetta; 8 charity workers released; Taliban demand restoration of power in North Waziristan; Rival militant groups conduct prisoner exchange; Five suspected assassins arrested; UN calls for more international aid to Pakistan; Taseer murder case judge goes on leave after receiving death threats.

U.S.-Pakistan Relations

Afghanistan-Pakistan Relations

  •  Afghanistan’s President Hamid Karzai spoke out against Pakistan’s failure to cooperate on security issues on Monday. Karzai announced, “Despite all destructions, calamities and problems, faced by both our country and Pakistan, a double-standard game and [the use of] terrorism as a tool continued.” Karzai also announced plans to convene a Loya Jirga tribal meeting in the wake of Afghan peace envoy, Burhanuddin Rabbani’s assassination. Afghan investigators have indicated that Rabbani was killed by a Pakistani member of the Haqqani Network, a claim the Pakistani government denies. In the midst of the heightened tension between the two countries, Karzai has begun a two-day visit to India.  The Indian Express Newsletter reported that Karzai and Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh may sign a “strategic partnership” agreement which could include a provision for India to train the Afghan National Security forces.[5]

  • Afghan officials have accused Pakistan of refusing to assist in the investigation of Rabbani’s murder. The National Directorate of Security (NDS), Afghanistan’s intelligence service, alleged that it handed over evidence from the Rabbani case last Thursday, but Pakistan failed to act. The NDS also claimed that the assassination was carried out by a Pakistani militant and plotted in Quetta. Pakistani authorities questioned the veracity of the evidence and emphasized that Rabbani’s peace efforts were appreciated throughout Pakistan.[6]

Pakistan-China Relations

  • Despite recent diplomatic and economic agreements between China and Pakistan, analysts suggest that China will stop short of entering into a bilateral defense alliance with Pakistan. Following growing tension with the U.S., Chinese public security minister, Meng Jianzhu, visited Pakistan last week and emphasized the “all-weather friendship” of the two countries. During the visit, Meng pledged approximately $250 million of economic aid to Pakistan. Andrew Small, a researcher at the German Marshal Fund, suggested that diplomatic and economic agreements were as far as China would go with Pakistan. Speaking on the possibility of a defense agreement, Small said, “I don’t see why they would suddenly want to be stuck with the liability of Pakistan, particularly vis-a-vis India, given the way Pakistan has behaved in a number of crisis situations.”[7]

Pakistani Politics

  • Following Prime Minister Gilani’s Monday statement that the government was ready to negotiate with “decommissioned” militants, Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) deputy commander of Bajaur agency, Maulvi Faqir Muhammad, spoke to the Express Tribune, saying that the “TTP welcome[d] the prime minister’s offer.”  Muhammad reportedly “set two preconditions: the [Pakistani] government should reconsider its relationship with the U.S. and enforce Islamic Sharia [law] in the country.” Muhammad also called for direct negotiation, rejecting the use of a mediator.[8] 



Karachi Violence


Taseer Murder Case

[1] Nick Schifrin,” Before Lashing Out, U.S. and Pakistani Intel Reached Out to Insurgent Group,” ABC News, October 3, 2011. Available at
“BBC: Haqqani Says US Wants Him to Join Afghan Gov't,” New York Times, October 3, 2011. Available at
[2] “Pakistan Safe Havens Biggest Challenge for U.S. After 10 Years in Afghanistan,” ABC News, October 3, 2011. Available at
[3] Rob Crilly, “Pakistan claims victory over US Haqqani spat,” The Telegraph, October 3, 2011. Available at
[4] Anwar Iqbal, “Pakistan seeks US inquiry against Davis,” Dawn, October 4, 2011. Available at
[5] “Karzai accuses Pakistan of 'double game' over militants,” BBC, October 3, 2011. Available at
Adam Plowright, “Karzai in India amid shifting South Asia ties,” AFP, October 4, 2011. Available at
[6] “Afghanistan says Pakistan refuses help in Rabbani probe,” Dawn, October 4, 2011. Available at
[7] “China to keep Pakistan embrace at arm’s length,” Dawn, October 4, 2011. Available at
[8] Islamuddin Sajid and Jamshed Bagwan, “Olive branch: Taliban welcome govt peace overtures,” Express Tribune, October 3, 2011. Available at
[9] “Gunmen kill 13 people in Quetta,” Dawn, October 4, 2011. Available at
Salman Masood, “Gunmen Attack Shiites in Southwest Pakistan,” New York Times, October 4, 2011. Available at
[10] “Kidnappers free US charity workers in Pakistan,” Dawn, October 4, 2011. Available at
“Taliban release kidnapped aid workers,” Express Tribune, October 4, 2011. Available at
[11] “Power suspension in Waziristan,” The News, October 4, 2011. Available at
[12] “Militant groups swap prisoners,” The News, October 4, 2011. Available at
[13] “Five ‘assassins’ arrested,” Dawn, October 4, 2011. Available at
[14] “Pakistanis at risk over world inaction on floods: WFP,” Dawn, October 3, 2011. Available at
[15] “Salmaan Taseer case: ATC judge goes on indefinite leave,” Express Tribune, October 4, 2011. Available at


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