Pakistan Security Brief

Munter visits Balochistan; Pakistan anticipates confrontation with U.S. over nuclear cutoff treaty; Mullen skips Pakistan in regional tour; Taliban is willing to negotiate; China praises Pakistani cooperation against terror; China offers Pakistan J-10s; Karachi violence continues; Three officers face court martial over PNS Mehran attack; Six militants killed in Kurram clash; Report Identifies radical madrasas; Three NATO tankers torched in Balochistan.


U.S.-Pakistan Relations

  • On Thursday, U.S. Ambassador to Pakistan Cameron Munter visited the southwestern province of Balochistan. Munter expressed that Balochistan was “very significant” for the U.S. and that the U.S. would continue to supply aid for education and development in the province. The Chief Minister of Balochistan Nawab Aslam Raisani told Munter that no elements of the Quetta Shura Taliban were hiding in Quetta. Raisani emphasized that neither Taliban leader Mullah Omar nor al Qaeda chief Ayman al Zawahiri were hiding anywhere in Pakistan.[i]

  • Dawn reports that a push in the U.N. General Assembly to cutoff the production of nuclear materials could bring the U.S. and Pakistan to another confrontation. According to Dawn, the initiative has the support of the U.K., U.S., France, and Russia, but it is “not clear if China would back the move to cap Pakistan`s nuclear capability and thus allow India to become the sole legal nuclear power in South Asia.” The article expresses confidence that Pakistan will continue to successfully resist signing the Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty. The U.S. has allegedly developed a “worst-case scenario” plan involving snatching Pakistan’s nuclear arsenal in a time of crisis.[ii]

  • Dawn reports that the fact that Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Admiral Mike Mullen did not visit Pakistan during his last trip in the region marks a “stalemate” in U.S.-Pakistan ties. Mullen visited Afghanistan and Iraq without stopping in Pakistan. Tensions have increased between the two countries in the aftermath of the unilateral U.S. raid that killed Osama bin Laden.[iii]

Taliban Talks

China-Pakistan Relations

  • On Wednesday, China backed away from previous comments blaming Pakistan-based militants for attacks in Xinjiang, calling Pakistan “a firm partner against terror and religious extremism.” The local government has blamed East Turkistan Islamic Movement militants who allegedly received arms and training in Pakistan. Pakistan responded strongly to the allegations that the militants had been based in Pakistan, immediately sending the Director General of Pakistan’s Inter-Services Intelligence (DG-ISI) Lt. Gen. Ahmed Shuja Pasha to China to prevent a crisis in the China-Pakistan relationship.[v]

  • During Army Chief of General Staff Lt. Gen. Waheed Arshad’s recent visit in China, China reportedly offered Pakistan a variant of the J-10 fighter. This development would make Pakistan seemingly far less “reliant on the U.S. and Europe for its aircraft requirements…erod[ing] U.S influence over Pakistan in the long term.”[vi]



Punjab Madrassas Push Radicalism

  • An intelligence report by the Punjab home department detailing the activities of radical madrasas in Punjab has been released. The seminaries have reportedly increased radicalization efforts in the last six weeks. The report suggested different means of regulating the madrassas, including through prosecution under the Anti-Terrorism Act of 1997.[x]


[i] “Balochistan very significant for US, says Munter,” Dawn, August 4, 2011. Available at
“No Taliban shura in Quetta, Raisani tells Munter,” Dawn, August 4, 2011. Available at
[ii] “US, Pakistan heading towards confrontation over N-arms issues,” Dawn, August 4, 2011. Available at
“US prepares for worst-case scenario with Pakistan nukes,” NBC, August 4, 2011. Available at
[iii] “Mullen’s decision to skip Pakistan signals stalemate in ties,” Dawn, August 4, 2011. Available at
[iv] “Taliban Shows Interest in Negotiated Settlement,” NYT, August 4, 2011. Available at
“Taliban offer talks if US sets pullout date,” The News, August 4, 2011. Available at
[v] “Kashgar incident: Beijing downplays risk of rift with Islamabad,” ET, August 4, 2011. Available at
[vi] “China Officially Offers Pakistan J-10 Variant,” Defense News, August 3, 2011. Available at
[vii] “The downward spiral: FC not in sight, four more people killed,” ET, August 4, 2011. Available at
“MQM, ANP call for army deployment in Karachi,” AFP/ET, August 3, 2011. Available at
“Peace in Karachi: President to step in as parties fail to restore peace,” ET, August 4, 2011. Available at
“Presidency wakes up to Karachi killings,” Dawn, August 4, 2011. Available at
[viii] “Pakistan naval officers face court martial over Karachi airbase attack,” Reuters, August 4, 2011. Available at
“PNS Mehran attackers had inside help: Navy officials,” The News, June 29, 2011. Available at
[ix] “Kurram operation leaves 6 more militants dead, 12 injured,” ET¸ August 4, 2011. Available at
“Three Kurram tribesmen killed near Afghan border,” Dawn, August 2, 2011. Available at
[x] “Intelligence report: Punjab seminaries fanning radicalism identified,” ET, August 3, 2011. Available at
[xi] “Gunmen torch three Nato trucks in Balochistan,” Dawn, August 3, 2011. Available at
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