Gulf of Aden Security Review
A regularly updated review of both Yemen and the Horn of Africa covering topics related to security, governance, and militant activity.
Yemen: Saudi-led coalition claims intercepting two al Houthi drones targeting Saudi Arabia; Hadi government–aligned forces claim intercepting al Houthi surveillance drone in al Jawf governorate; al Houthis launch missiles targeting Ma’rib city
Horn of Africa: IS claims prison raid in DRC as part of IS campaign; Mozambican security forces allegedly conduct counterterror operation in Cabo Delgado province; SNA forces reportedly attack al Shabaab in Bay region; al Shabaab claims attack on Jubbaland State forces in Lower Jubba region; NISA releases journalist detained for interviewing Somali man critical of SFG with alleged ties to al Shabaab
Yemen Security Brief:
The Saudi-led coalition claimed intercepting two al Houthi drones targeting Saudi Arabia on October 23. Coalition forces previously claimed intercepting an al Houthi drone in mid-October.
Forces aligned with the internationally recognized Yemeni government of Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi claimed intercepting an al Houthi surveillance drone in Khub wa al Shaf district in northern Yemen’s al Jawf governorate on October 22. Hadi government–aligned forces and al Houthi militants have clashed in al Jawf governorate throughout October.
Al Houthi forces reportedly launched several unspecified missiles targeting the capital of central Yemen’s Ma’rib governorate on October 23. Al Houthi militants previously launched a ballistic missile targeting Ma’rib governorate in mid-September.
Horn of Africa Security Brief:
The Islamic State claimed on October 21 that the militant prison raid in northeastern Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) is part of the Islamic State’s “Answer the Call” campaign. This campaign calls for the group’s supporters to free Islamic State militants detained in prisons. The Islamic State claimed that its Islamic State Central Africa Province (ISCA) conducted the large-scale prison raid in the DRC on October 20.
Mozambican security forces reportedly killed 270 insurgents in the country’s northern Cabo Delgado province between October 16 to 18 . Several domestic and international organizations have accused Mozambique’s government of suppressing information about the Islamist insurgency in Cabo Delgado.
Somali National Army (SNA) forces ambushed al Shabaab militants near Dinsor town in southern Somalia’s Bay region on October 22. SNA forces killed nineteen militants during a clearing operation, according to an SNA official. SNA and South Western State security forces carried out a joint operation targeting al Shabaab in Dinsor town in mid-October.
Al Shabaab militants reportedly ambushed a convoy of Jubbaland State troops outside of Kismayo city in Lower Jubba region in southern Somalia on October 23. The militants killed two Jubbaland State soldiers, according to pro–al Shabaab media. Al Shabaab militants reportedly attacked a Kenyan military base in Lower Jubba region in late September.
Somalia’s National Intelligence and Security Agency (NISA) released a journalist on October 22 after he withdrew a controversial interview that caused his detention. NISA officers detained the journalist for interviewing a Somali businessman critical of the Somali Federal Government and with alleged ties to al Shabaab on October 17.
 “Saudi-led coalition destroyed two Yemeni Houthi drones,” Reuters, October 23, 2020, https://www.reuters.com/article/yemen-security-saudi-int/saudi-led-coalition-destroyed-two-yemeni-houthi-drones-saudi-state-tv-idUSKBN2781O4; and Hannah Kuperman and Sarah Gordon, “Gulf of Aden Security Review - October 14, 2020,” Critical Threats Project at the American Enterprise Institute, October 14, 2020, https://www.criticalthreats.org/briefs/gulf-of-aden-security-review/gulf-of-aden-security-review-october-14-2020.
 “New developments on the ground of the Ma’rib and al Jawf fronts…and the army reveals the latest developments,” Al Mashhad al Yemeni, October 22, 2020, https://www.almashhad-alyemeni.com/182667; and Hannah Kuperman and Sarah Gordon, “Gulf of Aden Security Review - October 7, 2020,” Critical Threats Project at the American Enterprise Institute, October 7, 2020, https://www.criticalthreats.org/briefs/gulf-of-aden-security-review/gulf-of-aden-security-review-october-7-2020.
 “Urgent: Violent explosions rock Ma’rib governorate,” Al Mashhad al Yemeni, October 23, 2020, https://www.almashhad-alyemeni.com/182765; and Jessica Kocan, “Gulf of Aden Security Review - September 14, 2020,” Critical Threats Project at American Enterprise Institute, September 14, 2020, https://www.criticalthreats.org/briefs/gulf-of-aden-security-review/gulf-of-aden-security-review-september-14-2020.
 “IS Declares Raid on Kangbayi Central Prison in DR Congo as Operation Within “Answer the Call” Campaign,” SITE Intelligence Group, October 21, 2020, available by subscription at www.siteintelgroup.com; and Hannah Kuperman and Sarah Gordon, “Gulf of Aden Security Review - October 21, 2020,” Critical Threats Project at the American Enterprise Institute, October 21, 2020, https://www.criticalthreats.org/briefs/gulf-of-aden-security-review/gulf-of-aden-security-review-october-21-2020.
 “Mozambique: Ex-Combatants and SDS Shot Down 270 Terrorists,” E-Global, October 21, 2020, https://e-global.pt/noticias/lusofonia/mocambique/mocambique-ex-combatentes-e-fds-abateram-270-terroristas/;“Mozambique Government Accused of Silence on Cabo Delgado,” E-Global, October 21, 2020, https://e-global.pt/noticias/lusofonia/mocambique/mocambique-governo-acusado-de-silencio-sobre-cabo-delgado/; and Jessica Kocan, Gulf of Aden Security Review – October 5, 2020,” Critical Threats Project at the American Enterprise Institute, October 5, 2020,https://www.criticalthreats.org/briefs/gulf-of-aden-security-review/gulf-of-aden-security-review-october-5-2020.
 “At Least 19 Militants Killed in Somalia Fighting,” Garowe, October 22, 2020, https://www.garoweonline.com/en/news/somalia/at-least-19-militants-killed-in-somalia-fighting; and “Five Militants Killed in Joint Operation in Southern Somalia,” Radio Shabelle, October 10, 2020, https://www.radioshabelle.com/five-militants-killed-in-joint-operation-in-southern-somalia/.
 “Jubbaland State Forces-Al Shabaab Fight Outside Kismayo,” Somali Affairs, October 23, 2020, https://www.somaliaffairs.com/news/jubbaland-state-forces-al-shabaab-fight-outside-kismayo/; and Rahma Bayrakdar and Jessica Kocan, “Gulf of Aden Security Review – September 21, 2020,” Critical Threats Project at the American Enterprise Institute, September 21, 2020, https://www.criticalthreats.org/briefs/gulf-of-aden-security-review/gulf-of-aden-security-review-september-21-2020.
 “Radio Kulmiye Journalist Held Incommunicado for Five Days Freed,” Horn Observer, October 23, 2020, https://hornobserver.com/articles/608/Radio-Kulmiye-journalist-held-incommunicado-for-five-days-freed; and Sarah Gordon and Hannah Kuperman, “Gulf of Aden Security Review - October 19, 2020,” Critical Threats Project at the American Enterprise Institute, October 19, 2020,https://www.criticalthreats.org/briefs/gulf-of-aden-security-review/gulf-of-aden-security-review-october-19-2020.