Below are the takeaways from the week:
- The Iranian regime is unlikely to accommodate U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo’s demands for Iran to cease its military involvement abroad and ballistic missile development. Iranian officials regard Iran’s extraterritorial military ventures and ballistic missile program as central to securing Iran’s national security. Iranian President Hassan Rouhani dismissed the demands that Pompeo delivered on May 21.
- The international community is intensifying its push for elections in Libya this year even as the country faces multiple governance and security crises. UN Special Representative Ghassan Salame called for elections in place of the stalled Libyan Political Agreement (LPA) before the UN Security Council on May 21. The December 2015 LPA framework was intended to unify Libya’s rival political bodies but has instead created new divisions. Active conflicts and security vacuums in several key cities may impede elections, however. Other dynamics, including political deadlock, polarization, and the growing power of militias, will likely incentivize armed actors to challenge election results.