Iran News Round Up

A selection of the latest news stories and articles published in Iranian news outlets, compiled by AEI Critical Threats Analysts.{{authorBox.message}}

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Key takeaway:  It is not yet clear how Iran would respond to a U.S. violation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

Supreme Leader Ayatollah ALi Khamenei and President Hassan Rouhani have not yet indicated what Iran’s official response to a U.S. violation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) would be. Both agree that an Iranian response would be “decisive” but neither has offered any specifics. It is likely that the internal debate within Tehran is still brewing and that Iranian decision makers have not yet come to a consensus on how Tehran would respond to a U.S. violation of the deal.

This Iran News Round Up predominantly covers events from September 19-21.

Nuclear Deal Developments
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1 day ago

Rouhani delivers speech at UN General Assembly.

President Hassan Rouhani reiterated his administration’s claim that “Iran will not be the first country to violate” the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) during his speech at the UN General Assembly on September 20. Rouhani also stated that Iran would have a “decisive” and “proportional” reaction to any violations of the JCPOA. He did not specify how Iran would react to a U.S. violation of the deal. (President.ir)

  • President Hassan Rouhani stated that Iran’s “commitments” under the JCPOA “would no longer exist” if the U.S. were to unilaterally withdraw from the deal during an interview with NBC Nightly News before President Donald Trump’s UNGA speech on September 19. Rouhani also said that “Iran could resume [peaceful] nuclear activities” if the deal were to be cancelled, stressing that “we did not and do not intend to leave [the Non-Proliferation Treaty].” (NBC News) (E)
  • Rouhani returns to Tehran from the UN General Assembly. President Hassan Rouhani addressed reporters upon his return to Tehran on September 21. Rouhani reiterated statements from his Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif that the JCPOA is “non-negotiable.” Rouhani also said that if the nuclear accord were to no longer exist then Iran would have many “options [at its disposable]” and that Iran could have its own “economic successes.” (Mehr News Agency)
1 day ago

Khamenei: Trump’s UNGA speech reflects frustration over U.S. failed agendas in the Middle East.

Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei said that President Donald Trump is frustrated because of Iran’s continuous developments and influence in the region. He said that Trump is also angry because the U.S. could not achieve its objectives in Lebanon, Iraq, and Syria. Khamenei also noted that Iran made a mistake in not specifying within the JCPOA that any wrong move by the other side [the U.S.] would also be considered a violation of the deal. (Mehr News Agency) (Tasnim News Agency)

  • Jafari vows countermeasures against the U.S. IRGC Commander Maj. Gen.  Mohammad Ali Jafari vowed “painful responses” against the U.S. in response to President Donald Trump’s speech at the UN General Assembly. He also urged President Hassan Rouhani to respond decisively to Trump’s comments in Rouhani’s own speech before the UN General Assembly. He urged the Iranian government to “use all of its options to protect its interests.” Senior Military Advisor to the Supreme Leader Yahya Rahim Safavi also condemned Trump’s speech and claimed that the U.S. has not lived up to its commitments under the nuclear deal. (ISNA) (Sepah News) (Tasnim News Agency) (Mehr News Agency)
  • First Vice President Eshagh Jahangiri also responded to President Trump’s speech. Jahangiri said that a U.S. violation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) would be the “cause of America’s humiliation.” Jahangiri also noted that the “only qualified authority to examine and supervise on the faithful implementation of the JCPOA is the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).” (Mehr News Agency)
  • AFGS Spokesperson IRGC Brig. Gen. Masoud Jazayeri stated that Trump’s “clamoring and cowboying” would not deter Iran from maintaining its defensive capabilities, in particular its ballistic missile program. (Mehr News Agency)

 

 

 

1 day ago

Judiciary Head Larijani warns against a U.S. violation of the JCPOA.

Judiciary Head Ayatollah Sadegh Amoli Larijani stated that Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei has “frankly said that we [Iran] would have a serious response [to any U.S. violation of the JCPOA].” Larijani also stated that it “doesn’t make any sense for Iran, which had reasonable [standards] when it agreed to the JCPOA, to remain a part of the JCPOA no matter what.” (Mehr News Agency)

1 day ago

P5+1 and Iran convene to discuss the future of the JCPOA.

Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif met with representatives from the P5+1 during the UN General Assembly (UNGA) on September 20. EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs Federica Mogherini stated that all states, including the U.S., agreed there have been no violations of the JCPOA during the meeting. Mogherini also noted that a potential U.S. withdrawal will not dismantle the agreement and there is no need for renegotiation. Zarif stated that all representatives emphasized “the necessity for the signatories to respect the JCPOA.” (EEAS) (E) (Tasnim News Agency)

  • Zarif and Tillerson meet for the first time. Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif and U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson exchanged views during the ministerial meeting of the P5+1 on September 20. Tillerson cited the meeting as calm and “matter of fact.” Tillerson explained the exchange was “about how we see this agreement very differently.” (Press TV) (E) (Tabnak)
  • Zarif and Mogherini meet ahead of P5+1 and Iran meeting. Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif and EU High Representative for Foreign Affairs Federica Mogherini held a bilateral meeting on September 20 before the ministerial meeting of the P5+1 and Iran. (ISNA)

Citations & Links

1. President.ir
http://www.president.ir/fa/100835

2. NBC News
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wG_XyBs1wOw

3. Mehr News Agency
http://www.mehrnews.com/news/4093810/%D8%B5%D8%B1%DB%8C%D8%AD-%DA%AF%D9%81%D8%AA%DB%8C%D9%85-%D8%A8%D8%B1%D8%AC%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%BA%DB%8C%D8%B1%D9%82%D8%A7%D8%A8%D9%84-%D9%85%D8%B0%D8%A7%DA%A9%D8%B1%D9%87-%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA-%D8%AA%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%BE-%D9%86%D9%85%DB%8C-%D8%AF%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AF-%D8%AA%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%81%D9%82-%DA%86%DB%8C%D8%B3%D8%AA

Citations & Links

1. Mehr News Agency
http://www.mehrnews.com/news/4093759/

2. Tasnim News Agency
https://www.tasnimnews.com/fa/news/1396/06/30/1525926/%D9%86%D8%AE%D8%A8%DA%AF%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%A2%D9%85%D8%B1%DB%8C%DA%A9%D8%A7-%D8%A7%D8%B2-%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B4%D8%AA%D9%86-%DA%86%D9%86%DB%8C%D9%86-%D8%B1%D8%A6%DB%8C%D8%B3-%D8%AC%D9%85%D9%87%D9%88%D8%B1%DB%8C-%D8%A7%D8%AD%D8%B3%D8%A7%D8%B3-%D8%B4%D8%B1%D9%85-%D9%85%DB%8C-%DA%A9%D9%86%D9%86%D8%AF-%D8%B9%D9%84%D8%AA%D9%90-%D9%86%D8%B7%D9%82-%D8%A7%D8%A8%D9%84%D9%87%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%87-%D8%B1%D8%A6%DB%8C%D8%B3-%D8%AC%D9%85%D9%87%D9%88%D8%B1-%D8%A2%D9%85%D8%B1%DB%8C%DA%A9%D8%A7-%D8%B3%D8%A8%DA%A9-%D9%85%D8%BA%D8%B2%DB%8C-%D8%A2%D9%86%D9%87%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA

3. ISNA
http://www.isna.ir/news/96062917134/

4. Sepah News
http://www.sepahnews.com/index.php/component/k2/item/4421

5. Tasnim News Agency
https://www.tasnimnews.com/fa/news/1396/06/29/1525051/%D9%BE%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AE-%D9%87%D8%A7%DB%8C-%D8%AF%D8%B1%D8%AF%D9%86%D8%A7%DA%A9-%D9%88%D8%A7%DA%A9%D9%86%D8%B4-%D8%B4%D8%AF%DB%8C%D8%AF%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%84%D8%AD%D9%86-%D9%81%D8%B1%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%AF%D9%87-%DA%A9%D9%84-%D8%B3%D9%BE%D8%A7%D9%87-%D8%A8%D9%87-%D8%AA%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%BE

6. Mehr News Agency
http://www.mehrnews.com/news/4093470/%D8%A8%D8%AF%D8%B9%D9%87%D8%AF%DB%8C-%D8%A2%D9%85%D8%B1%DB%8C%DA%A9%D8%A7-%D8%AF%D8%B1-%D8%AF%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%A7-%D8%A7%D8%AB%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%B4%D8%AF%D9%87-%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA-%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B9%D8%B4-%D8%AF%D8%B3%D8%AA-%D9%BE%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%B1%D8%AF%D9%87-%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA%DA%A9%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1

7. Mehr News Agency
http://www.mehrnews.com/news/4093119/%D8%B3%D8%AE%D9%86%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%AA%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%BE-%D9%86%D8%A7%D8%B4%DB%8C-%D8%A7%D8%B2-%D8%A2%D8%B4%D9%81%D8%AA%DA%AF%DB%8C-%D8%AF%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%AA%DA%98%DB%8C-%D9%88-%D8%B3%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA-%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA

8. Mehr News Agency
http://www.mehrnews.com/news/4092783/%D8%B3%D8%B1%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%AC%D8%B2%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%B1%DB%8C-%D9%85%DB%8C%D8%AF%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%85%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%B2%D9%87-%D8%B1%D8%A7-%D8%A8%D8%A7-%DA%A9%D8%A7%D8%A8%D9%88%D8%A6%DB%8C-%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B2%DB%8C-%D8%AA%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%BE-%D8%AA%D8%B1%DA%A9-%D9%86%D9%85%DB%8C-%DA%A9%D9%86%DB%8C%D9%85

Citations & Links

1. Mehr News Agency
http://www.mehrnews.com/news/4093793

Citations & Links

1. EEAS
https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage/32546/remarks-high-representativevice-president-federica-mogherini-following-ministerial-meeting_en

2. Tasnim News Agency
https://www.tasnimnews.com/fa/news/1396/06/30/1526168/%D9%85%D9%88%DA%AF%D8%B1%DB%8C%D9%86%DB%8C-%D9%87%DB%8C%DA%86-%D8%B5%D8%AD%D8%A8%D8%AA%DB%8C-%D8%AF%D8%B1%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1%D9%87-%D8%A7%D8%B9%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%84-%D8%AA%D8%BA%DB%8C%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%AF%D8%B1-%D8%A8%D8%B1%D8%AC%D8%A7%D9%85-%D9%85%D8%B7%D8%B1%D8%AD-%D9%86%DB%8C%D8%B3%D8%AA

3. Press TV
http://www.presstv.ir/Detail/2017/09/21/535892/iran-eu-deal-zarif-tillerson-meeting

4. Tabnak
http://www.tabnak.ir/fa/news/732146/%D9%86%D8%AE%D8%B3%D8%AA%DB%8C%D9%86-%D8%AF%DB%8C%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D9%85%D9%82%D8%A7%D9%85%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%AF%DB%8C%D9%BE%D9%84%D9%85%D8%A7%D8%AA%DB%8C%DA%A9-%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%88-%D8%A2%D9%85%D8%B1%DB%8C%DA%A9%D8%A7-%D8%AF%D8%B1-%D8%AF%D9%88%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%AA%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%BE-%D8%AA%DB%8C%D9%84%D8%B1%D8%B3%D9%88%D9%86-%D8%A8%D8%B2%D8%B1%DA%AF%E2%80%8C%D8%AA%D8%B1%DB%8C%D9%86-%DA%86%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B4-%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%AC%D8%A7%D8%AF-%D8%AF%D8%B1%DA%A9-%D8%AA%D8%B9%D8%B1%DB%8C%D9%81-%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%B7%D9%87-%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%88-%D8%A2%D9%85%D8%B1%DB%8C%DA%A9%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA-%D8%B8%D8%B1%DB%8C%D9%81-%D8%A2%D9%85%D8%B1%DB%8C%DA%A9%D8%A7-%D8%A7%D8%B2-%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%82%D8%B9%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%AC%D8%A7%D9%85%D8%B9%D9%87-%D8%A8%DB%8C%D9%86%E2%80%8C%D8%A7%D9%84%D9%85%D9%84%D9%84-%D8%AF%D9%88%D8%B1-%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA

5. ISNA
http://www.isna.ir/news/96062917267/%D8%AF%DB%8C%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%B8%D8%B1%DB%8C%D9%81-%D9%88-%D9%85%D9%88%DA%AF%D8%B1%DB%8C%D9%86%DB%8C-%D9%82%D8%A8%D9%84-%D8%A7%D8%B2-%D9%86%D8%B4%D8%B3%D8%AA-%D9%88%D8%B2%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%AE%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%AC%D9%87-%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%88-1-5

Economy
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1 day ago

British company signs €800 million contract to invest in Iran’s renewable energy industry.

Iranian Ambassador to the United Kingdom Hamid Baeidinejad announced a deal between Ministry of Energy and British renewable energy investment company Quercus. This is the first Quercus project outside Europe and Quercus is expected to build a 600 MW solar power station. The location and modes of financing have not yet been finalized. Italy is also expected to invest $1.5 billion to produce a 1,000 MW solar power station in Qazvin Province. (Fars News Agency) (Press TV) (E)

 

 

Citations & Links

1. Fars News Agency
http://www.farsnews.com/newstext.php?nn=13960629001169

2. Press TV
http://www.presstv.com/Detail/2017/09/20/535812/Iran-energy-renewable-Quercus-investment

Key takeaway: Iran is likely to exert considerable economic and diplomatic pressure to prevent any future declaration of Iraqi Kurdistan’s independence.

Supreme National Security Council Secretary Ali Shamkhani stated that Iran would “terminate all military and security agreements” and close all border crossings with Iraqi Kurdistan in the event of Iraqi Kurdistan’s secession from Iraq. Shamkhani also warned that Iraqi Kurdistan’s secession from Iraq would result in the “serious alteration in the existing cooperation” between Iraqi Kurdistan and Iran. Iraqi Kurdistan is scheduled to hold a referendum on its independence on September 25.  

Iran’s closure of its border crossings with Iraqi Kurdistan would likely impose significant economic pressure upon Iraqi Kurdistan. Shamkhani’s threat to close the borders is likely aimed at keeping Kurdistan Regional Government (KRG) head Massoud Barzani from declaring independence in the event the referendum passes. Turkey has also threatened Iraqi Kurdistan with major economic pressure.

This Iran News Round Up predominantly covers events from September 16-18.

Regional Developments and Diplomacy
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3 days ago

Shamkhani warns of Iranian response to “illegal” Kurdish separatism.

Supreme National Security Council (SNSC) Secretary Ali Shamkhani warned that the Iraqi Kurdistan independence referendum would instigate instability. Shamkhani stressed that Iran’s “security and military agreements” with Iraqi Kurdistan exist by virtue of Iraqi Kurdistan’s relationship with the central government of Iraq. Shamkhani stated that Iran would therefore “terminate” these agreements as well as close border crossings with Iraqi Kurdistan in the event of a secession of Iraqi Kurdistan from Iraq. Shamkhani also stated that any “damage” to Iraq’s unity as a result of the referendum “would lead to the revision of and serious alteration in the existing cooperation between Iran and Iraq’s Kurdistan region.” (Press TV) (E) (Defa Press)

Citations & Links

1. Press TV
http://www.presstv.ir/Detail/2017/09/17/535481/Iran-Iraq-Kurdistan-Ali-Shamkhani-referendum-independence

2. Defa Press
http://defapress.ir/fa/news/257524/%D8%AA%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%81%D9%82%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D9%86%D8%B8%D8%A7%D9%85%DB%8C-%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%88-%DA%A9%D8%B1%D8%AF%D8%B3%D8%AA%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%A8%D8%A7-%D8%AC%D8%AF%D8%A7%DB%8C%DB%8C-%D8%A7%D9%82%D9%84%DB%8C%D9%85-%D8%A7%D8%B2-%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%82-%D9%BE%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%85%DB%8C%E2%80%8C%DB%8C%D8%A7%D8%A8%D8%AF

Economy
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3 days ago

Velayati highlights efforts to develop Iran-China ties.

Senior Foreign Policy Advisor to the Supreme Leader Ali Akbar Velayati met with the head of China’s Institute of Middle Eastern Studies Niujin Chun in Tehran. Velayati said both Iran and China are seeking to develop strategic ties and collective efforts are needed in order to overcome existing obstacles between the two countries. (Mehrs News Agency) (Velayati.ir)

Citations & Links

1. Mehr News Agency
http://www.mehrnews.com/news/4090580

2. Velayati.ir
http://velayati.ir/fa/news/2165/%D8%AA%D8%B5%D8%A7%D9%88%DB%8C%D8%B1-%D8%AF%DB%8C%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%A8%D8%A7-%D8%B1%D8%A6%DB%8C%D8%B3-%D9%85%D9%88%D8%B3%D8%B3%D9%87-%D9%85%D8%B7%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B9%D8%A7%D8%AA-%D8%AE%D8%A7%D9%88%D8%B1%D9%85%DB%8C%D8%A7%D9%86%D9%87-%DA%86%DB%8C%D9%86

Nuclear Deal Developments
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3 days ago

Salehi: Iran is confident IAEA will resist U.S. pressure.

Head of Iran’s Atomic Energy Organization (AEOI) and senior nuclear negotiator Ali Akbar Salehi emphasized that any action to undermine the agreement will affect the entire international community and that he is confident International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) Director General Yukiya Amano will resist any outside influence. U.S. Secretary of Energy Rick Perry noted that the “U.S. strongly encourages the IAEA to verify Iran’s adherence to each and every nuclear-related commitment under the JCPOA.” (Mehr News Agency) (Press TV) (E) (Reuters) (E)

3 days ago

Khamenei: U.S. has been “oppressive, thuggish, and coercive.”

Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei noted that the U.S. has been “completely oppressive, thuggish, and coercive, despite all of the many agreements, commitments, and discussions.” Khamenei also said that for “important issues that are related to our national interests, retreating [does not exist] in our dictionary.” (Khamenei.ir)

3 days ago

Rouhani: U.S. withdrawal from JCPOA carries “high cost” for U.S.

President Hassan Rouhani reacted to President Donald Trump’s threats to leave the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) by saying that such an action “would carry a high cost for the United States of America” during an interview with CNN on September 18. Trump has been a vocal critic of the nuclear deal and has stated publicly that he intends to decertify Iranian compliance with the JCPOA. (Mehr News Agency) (CNN) (E)

  • Rouhani: EU should pressure the U.S. to uphold its JCPOA commitments. President Hassan Rouhani met with Belgian Parliament Speaker Siegfried Bracke on September 16 in Tehran. Rouhani said that “Iran expects the EU to pressure the U.S. to uphold its JCPOA commitments and to give [the U.S.] a final message.” Rouhani also noted that the “[Iranians] believe that the only entity that can declare Iran’s compliance with its JCPOA commitments is the International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA).” European countries have repeatedly expressed their desire to maintain the nuclear deal and have voiced their concerns if the deal were to collapse. (President.ir)
  • President Hassan Rouhani met with UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres on September 18. (President.ir)
3 days ago

Zarif and Tillerson scheduled to meet in NYC to discuss JCPOA.

Secretary of State Rex Tillerson and Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif are scheduled to participate in a ministerial meeting of the EU+3 and Iran on the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on September 20 in New York. This will be the first meeting between the two diplomats. (EEAS.eu)

Citations & Links

1. Mehr News Agency
http://www.mehrnews.com/news/4090565/%D8%AA%D9%85%D8%A7%D9%85-%D9%BE%D8%B1%D9%88%DA%98%D9%87-%D9%87%D8%A7%DB%8C-%D9%87%D8%B3%D8%AA%D9%87-%D8%A7%DB%8C-%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%B2%DB%8C%D8%B1-%D9%86%D8%B8%D8%B1-%D8%A2%DA%98%D8%A7%D9%86%D8%B3-%D9%82%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%B1-%D8%AF%D8%A7%D8%B1%D8%AF

2. Press TV
http://www.presstv.ir/Detail/2017/09/17/535470/Iran-Ali-Akbar-Salehi-Vienna

3. Reuters
https://ca.reuters.com/article/topNews/idCAKCN1BT1GI-OCATP

Citations & Links

1. Khamenei.ir
http://farsi.khamenei.ir/speech-content?id=37687

Citations & Links

1. Mehr News Agency
http://www.mehrnews.com/news/4088924/%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%AD%D8%A7%D9%86%DB%8C-%D8%A7%D9%85%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%B2-%D8%B9%D8%A7%D8%B2%D9%85-%D9%86%DB%8C%D9%88%DB%8C%D9%88%D8%B1%DA%A9-%D9%85%DB%8C-%D8%B4%D9%88%D8%AF

2. CNN
http://www.cnn.com/2017/09/18/middleeast/iran-deal-rouhani-amanpour-interview/index.html

3. President.ir
http://president.ir/fa/100690

4. President.ir
http://president.ir/fa/100734

Citations & Links

1. EEAS.eu
https://eeas.europa.eu/headquarters/headquarters-homepage/32322/ministerial-meeting-e3eu3-and-iran-implementation-jcpoa_en

Key takeaway: Iran fears that the Iraqi Kurdistan independence referendum scheduled for September 25 could galvanize secessionist sentiments amongst Kurdish minorities.

Recent high-level meetings between Iranian and Turkish military officials signal Turkish and Iranian intent for military and security coordination before the Iraqi Kurdistan referendum. Armed Forces General Staff Chief Major General Mohammad Bagheri spoke with his Turkish counterpart General Huluski Akar on September 14. Bagheri also met with Huluski and Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Ankara in August. Iran and Turkey may be coordinating efforts to delay the referendum. Turkey and Iran fear that the referendum, if passed, could lead to an eventual declaration of Iraqi Kurdistan’s independence and the galvanization of secessionist sentiments among Kurdish minorities.

This Iran News Round Up predominantly covers events from September 14-15.

Regional Developments and Diplomacy
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4 days ago

Iran and Turkey discuss military coordination and dangers of Kurdish referendum.

Armed Forces General Staff Chief IRGC Maj. Gen. Mohammad Bagheri and Turkish General Huluski Akar talked about the necessity of coordination in opposing the Iraqi Kurdistan referendum and stymieing the plans of Kurdish separatists that “can cause several political, social, and security problems [for neighboring countries]” during a telephone conversation on September 14. The two officials also discussed the importance of “mutual cooperation” and “promoting [better] relations” between the Turkish and Iranian militaries. Both Turkey and Iran have voiced their opposition to the Iraqi Kurdistan referendum scheduled for September 25. Bagheri traveled to Turkey to talk with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Turkish military officials about the Iraqi Kurdistan referendum on August 18. (Fars News Agency) (ISNA)

4 days ago

Iran, Russia, and Turkey establish de-escalation zone in Syria.

Delegates from Iran, Russia, and Turkey met in Astana, Kazakhstan on September 14-15 to discuss conflict resolution in Syria. The talks concluded with a joint statement announcing the establishment of a de-escalation zone in the Idlib Governorate in northern Syria. Russia’s Special Presidential Envoy on Syria Alexander Lavrentyev stated that Iran, Russia, and Turkey will each send 500 “observers” to Idlib to prevent clashes between any regime and opposition forces. IRNA reports that continued talks on conflict resolution in Syria will take place in late October in Astana. Idlib Province is the principal stronghold of al Qaeda in Syria. (Press TV) (E) (Reuters) (E) (Twitter) (E) (Haaretz) (E)

 

 

Citations & Links

1. Fars News Agency
http://www.farsnews.com/newstext.php?nn=13960623000973

2. ISNA
http://www.isna.ir/news/96062313345/%D9%BE%DB%8C%D8%A7%D9%85%D8%AF%D9%87%D8%A7%DB%8C-%D9%85%D9%86%D9%81%DB%8C-%D9%88-%D8%AE%D8%B7%D8%B1%D9%86%D8%A7%DA%A9-%D9%87%D9%85%D9%87-%D9%BE%D8%B1%D8%B3%DB%8C-%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA%D9%82%D9%84%D8%A7%D9%84-%D8%AF%D8%B1-%DA%A9%D8%B1%D8%AF%D8%B3%D8%AA%D8%A7%D9%86-%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%82

Citations & Links

1. Press TV
http://presstv.ir/Detail/2017/09/15/535247/Syria-Idlib-Iran-Turkey-Russia-Syria-Astana-deescalation-zones

2. Reuters
http://www.reuters.com/article/mideast-crisis-syria-idlib/turkey-iran-and-russia-to-deploy-observers-around-syrias-idlib-idUSKCN1BQ13E

3. Twitter
https://twitter.com/IRNANews/status/908664111000621056

4. Haaretz
http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-1.693989

Economy
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4 days ago

Chinese bank signs off on $10 billion credit line for five Iranian banks.

China’s CITIC Trust signed an agreement to provide a $10 billion line of credit to five Iranian banks (Refah, Industry and Mine, Parsian, Pasargad, and the Export Development Bank) on September 14. Deputy Finance Minister and head of Iran’s Organization for Investment, Economic, and Technical Assistance Mohammad Khazaei said that CITIC Trust “can act as the gate [through which] Iran can enter the world.” The $10 billion credit line will be used to finance projects for energy, environmental, transportation, and water resource management. This deal comes after the Iranians signed a $10 billion deal with South Korea’s Import-Export Bank in late August. (IRNA) (Mehr News Agency)

Citations & Links

1. IRNA
http://www.irna.ir/fa/News/82664965

2. Mehr News Agency
http://www.mehrnews.com/news/4090196/%D8%A7%D9%85%D8%B6%D8%A7%DB%8C-%D9%85%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%81%D9%82%D8%AA%D9%86%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%87-%D8%AE%D8%B7-%D8%A7%D8%B9%D8%AA%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1%DB%8C-%D8%B3%DB%8C%D8%AA%DB%8C%DA%A9-%D8%AA%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA-%D9%88-%D8%A8%D8%A7%D9%86%DA%A9-%D9%BE%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%A7%D8%B1%DA%AF%D8%A7%D8%AF

Nuclear Deal Developments
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4 days ago

U.S. House of Representatives adopts two amendments blocking facilitation of aircraft sales to Iran.

The U.S. House of Representatives adopted two amendments that would “prohibit the use of funds to authorize financial transactions for the sales [of aircraft] and prevent the Office of Foreign Assets Control from clearing licenses to allow aircraft sales.” Boeing and Airbus have signed off on multi-billion dollar deals with Iranian companies such as Iran Air, Kish Air, and Aseman Airlines since the implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action. The JCPOA allows for the sale of commercial passenger aircraft to Iran for “exclusively civil aviation end-use.” Iran is suspected of using commercial aircraft to transport IRGC-affiliated fighters and weapons into Syria to support the Assad regime. U.S. lawmakers are concerned that permitting the sale of aircraft under the current terms of the JCPOA will facilitate the flow of foreign fighters and weapons from Iran, further exacerbating the situation in Syria.

  • Velayati: Blocking the sale of aircraft to Iran is a violation of the JCPOA. Senior Foreign Policy Advisor to the Supreme Leader Ali Akbar Velayati reacted to the House resolution and stated that “American action regarding the prohibition of aircraft sales to Iran is certainly a violation of the JCPOA.” Velayati also noted that Iran can “secure its needs without depending on the U.S.” Velayati has been a vocal critic of the JCPOA.
  • Deputy Minister of Roads and Urban Development and Head of Iran’s Civil Aviation Organization Ali Abidzadeh stated that the new House resolution “[will] not have any effect on the implementation of deals [that have already been signed with aircraft manufacturers].” (The Hill) (E) (ISNA) (Fars News Agency)

 

Citations & Links

1. The Hill
http://thehill.com/blogs/floor-action/house/350522-house-votes-to-block-aircraft-sales-to-iran

2. ISNA
http://www.isna.ir/news/96062313317/%D9%85%D9%86%D8%B9-%D9%81%D8%B1%D9%88%D8%B4-%D9%87%D9%88%D8%A7%D9%BE%DB%8C%D9%85%D8%A7-%D8%A8%D9%87-%D8%A7%DB%8C%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%86-%D9%86%D9%82%D8%B6-%D8%A8%D8%B1%D8%AC%D8%A7%D9%85-%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA

3. Fars News Agency
http://www.farsnews.com/newstext.php?nn=13960624000824

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