Gulf of Aden Security Review
A regularly updated review of both Yemen and the Horn of Africa covering topics related to security, governance, and militant activity.
Yemen: Saudi-led coalition accuses al Houthi movement of missile strikes in Yemen; suspected AQAP militant kills commander of UAE-backed unit; al Houthi movement denies entry to UN human rights official
Horn of Africa: SFG pledges new constitution by June 2020; security forces and ethnic militia clash in northern Ethiopia
Yemen Security Brief
Saudi-led coalition spokesman Colonel Turki al Maliki accused the al Houthi movement of firing two missiles at targets in northwestern Yemen on October 4. Maliki stated that the al Houthi movement continues to inflict causalities on Yemeni civilians.
A suspected al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) militant fatally shot a commander of a UAE-backed al Hizam Security Forces unit, Abdullah Abdulmutallab, on October 3 in , according to Russian media. AQAP regularly attacks military positions in Abyan.
Al Houthi forces denied entry to a UN official from the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR) when he landed in the al Houthi-controlled Yemeni capital, , on October 1. Al Houthi forces withdrew the official’s travel permit and ordered the plane to leave. The OHCHR recently published a negative review of the human rights situation in Yemen that included allegations against the al Houthi movement.
Horn of Africa Security Brief
The Somali Federal Government (SFG) pledged to draft a new Somali constitution by June 2020. The SFG made the pledge in a communique on October 2 following the conclusion of the Somali Partnership Forum, which convened SFG officials and international diplomats in the Somali capital, .
Regional security forces and local militants clashed in Amhara region in northern Ethiopia in late September, killing at least 20 people total. Militants ambushed a minibus transporting civilians on September 27 and subsequently ambushed a military convoy on September 28. Regional government officials attributed the attacks to the Kimant Committee, a group that is campaigning for self-determination for Amhara’s ethnic Kimant minority.
 “Arab Coalition Says Two Houthi Ballistic Missiles Fell in Yemen’s Saada,” Al Sharq Al Awsat, October 4, 2019, https://aawsat.com/english/home/article/1931221/arab-coalition-says-two-houthi-ballistic-missiles-fell-yemen’s-saada.
 “Yemen… Assassination of a Leader of the Security Belt Forces East of Abyan,” Sputnik, October 4, 2019, https://arabic.sputniknews.com/arab_world/201910041043055651-اليمن-اغتيال-قيادي-بقوات-الحزام-الأمني-شرق-أبين/.
 Michael, Maggie, “Yemeni Rebels Deny Entry, Turn Back Top UN Rights Official,” Associated Press, October 4, 2019, https://www.mcall.com/sns-bc-ml--yemen-20191001-story.html.
 “Somalia to have a new constitution in June 2020-Communique,” Hiiraan, October 2, 2019, http://www.hiiraan.com/news4/2019/Oct/165711/somalia_to_have_a_new_constitution_in_june_2020_communique.aspx; and “Somalia Partnership Forum opens in Mogadishu,” UN Assistance Mission in Somalia, October 1, 2019, https://reliefweb.int/report/somalia/somalia-partnership-forum-opens-mogadishu.
 Paravicini, Giulia, “Attacks kill 22 in Ethiopia’s Amhara region – party official, Reuters, October 3, 2019, https://af.reuters.com/article/idAFL5N26O4XW.