Gulf of Aden Security Review
A regularly updated review of both Yemen and the Horn of Africa covering topics related to security, governance, and militant activity.
Yemen: Houthis launch drones, ballistic missiles targeting energy and desalination infrastructure in Saudi Arabia; Saudi-led Coalition destroy Houthi WBIED; suspected Islah militants attempt to assassinate the 8th Giants Brigade commander in Shabwah governorate
Somalia: Jubbaland State and Danab forces clear al Shabaab militants from eleven villages in southern Somalia; al Shabaab IED targets Burundian AMISOM convoy in central Somalia; al Shabaab raids KDF base in northeastern Kenya; SNA clears al Shabaab militants from village in southern Somalia
Yemen Security Brief:
The Houthis launched an unspecified number of explosive-laden drones and ballistic missiles targeting energy and desalination infrastructure in western Saudi Arabia on March 20.[i] The Saudi-led coalition intercepted one of the ballistic missiles and nine of the drones.[ii] The strikes did not cause any casualties. Houthi movement spokesperson Yahya Sarea said the strikes were retaliation for the blockade on Yemen and threatened additional attacks.[iii]
The Houthis launched a water-borne improvised explosive device (WBIED) off the coast of Hudaydah governorate, Yemen, on March 20.[iv] Saudi-led coalition intercepted the WBIED. The coalition said the Houthis launched the WBIED as part of their ballistic missile and drone attack on infrastructure targets in southwestern Saudi Arabia.
Suspected Islah-aligned militants detonated an improvised explosive device (IED) targeting the commander of the 8th Giants Brigade near Ataq city, Shabwah governorate, Yemen, on March 19.[v]
Somalia Security Brief:
Jubbaland State security forces and US-trained Somali National Army (SNA) Danab special forces cleared al Shabaab militants from eleven villages in Kismayo district, Lower Jubba region, southern Somalia, on March 17.[vi] Danab officials claimed they killed seven al Shabaab militants.
Al Shabaab detonated an IED targeting a Burundian African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) convoy in Bal’ad, Middle Shabelle region, central Somalia, on March 19.[vii] Al Shabaab claimed the IED killed six soldiers and wounded three others.
Al Shabaab attacked a Kenya Defense Forces (KDF) base in Rhamu, Mandera County, northeastern Kenya, on March 19.[viii]
The Somali National Army (SNA) cleared al Shabaab militants from Gofgadud village in Baidoa district, Bay region, southern Somalia, on March 20.[ix]
[i] Reuters, “Yemen Houthis attack Saudi energy facilities, refinery output hit,” March 20, 2022, https://www.reuters.com/world/middle-east/saudi-led-coalition-says-four-houthi-attacks-hit-targets-kingdom-no-casualties-2022-03-19/; Houthi attacks target economic and civilian facilities in Saudi Arabia,” March 20, 2022, https://www.yemenakhbar.com/3057177; Al Bawaba, “A new Houthi attack targets an Aramco plant in Jeddah,” March 20, 2022, https://www.albawaba.com/ar/%D8%A3%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1/%D9%87%D8%AC%D9%88%D9%85-%D8%AD%D9%88%D8%AB%D9%8A-%D8%AC%D8%AF%D9%8A%D8%AF-%D9%8A%D8%B3%D8%AA%D9%87%D8%AF%D9%81-%D9%85%D8%AD%D8%B7%D8%A9-%D9%84%D8%A3%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%83%D9%88-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%AC%D8%AF%D8%A9-1470526; Al Bawaba, “A new Houthi attack targets an Aramco plant in Jeddah,” March 20, 2022, https://www.albawaba.com/ar/%D8%A3%D8%AE%D8%A8%D8%A7%D8%B1/%D9%87%D8%AC%D9%88%D9%85-%D8%AD%D9%88%D8%AB%D9%8A-%D8%AC%D8%AF%D9%8A%D8%AF-%D9%8A%D8%B3%D8%AA%D9%87%D8%AF%D9%81-%D9%85%D8%AD%D8%B7%D8%A9-%D9%84%D8%A3%D8%B1%D8%A7%D9%85%D9%83%D9%88-%D9%81%D9%8A-%D8%AC%D8%AF%D8%A9-1470526.
[iii] @Yahya_Saree, Twitter, March 20, 2022, https://twitter.com/Yahya_Saree/status/1505508989924225025?s=20&t=Cd0H2e4X7nwvDl6GIMyIRQ.
[iv] Al Sharq al Awsat, “Arab Coalition Destroys Booby-trapped Vessel in Yemen’s Hodeidah, Thwarts Imminent Attack,” March 21, 2022, https://english.aawsat.com/home/article/3543751/arab-coalition-destroys-booby-trapped-vessel-yemens-hodeidah-thwarts-imminent.
[v] Al Mashhad Al Yemeni, “Watch… an explosive device targeting the commander of the Eighth Giants Brigade in Shabwa, and a source reveals his fate,” March 19, 2022, https://www.almashhad-alyemeni.com/228063.
[vi] Radio Dalsan, “Danab and Jubbaland forces kill al Shabaab officials in an operation,” March 18, 2022, https://www.radiodalsan.com/wararka-idaacadda/ciidanka-danab-iyo-kuwa-jubbaland-oo-howlgal-ku-dilay-saraakiil-ka-tirsan-al-shabaab/.
[vii] Radio al Furqaan, “9 Burundian soldiers killed in explosion in Middle Shabelle,” March 19,2022, https://radioalfurqaan.com/2022/03/9-ka-tirsan-askarta-burundi-oo-dhimasho-dhaawac-ku-noqday-qarax-ka-dhacay-sh-dhexe/.
[viii] Radio al Furqaan, “al Shabaab launches deadly attack in Mandera,” March 20, 2022, https://radioalfurqaan.com/2022/03/al-shabaab-oo-weerar-khasaare-dhaliyay-ka-fuliyay-mandheera/.