Gulf of Aden Security Review
A regularly updated review of both Yemen and the Horn of Africa covering topics related to security, governance, and militant activity.
Yemen: Al Houthis launch drone attacks targeting southwestern Saudi cities; Hadi government and STC reportedly begin peace talks in Riyadh; Hadi government-aligned forces claim killing al Houthi militants in northern Yemen; Hadi government forces reportedly repel al Houthi advances in al Bayda governorate
Horn of Africa: Suspected al Shabaab militant conducts suicide attack in Mogadishu; suspected al Shabaab IED kills five in south-central Somalia; SNA repels al Shabaab attack in south-central Somalia
Yemen Security Brief:
The al Houthi movement claimed launching drones toward Khamis Mushait and Najran cities in southwestern Saudi Arabia on July 3. An al Houthi official claimed the attack hit the control room of Najran’s airport and weapon and aircraft storage facilities of King Khalid air base in Khamis Mushait. Saudi forces claimed intercepting four al Houthi drones launched toward the kingdom the same day.
The internationally recognized Yemeni government of Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi and the Transitional Political Council of the South (STC) reportedly began peace talks in the Saudi capital, Riyadh. President Hadi urged the STC to abide by the November 2019 Riyadh Agreement in late June. The Riyadh Agreement was intended to facilitate a power-sharing dynamic between the two sides. The STC declared self-rule in southern Yemen in April in an attempt to displace Hadi’s government.
Hadi government-aligned forces claimed destroying several al Houthi vehicles along Ma’rib and al Jawf governorates’ border on July 5, killing several al Houthi militants. Hadi government officials claimed surrounding al Hazm city, the capital of al Jawf governorate, in late June.
Hadi government forces claimed preventing al Houthi militants from advancing in Qaniya front in al Bayda governorate in central Yemen on July 5. Hadi government forces reportedly killed several al Houthi militants, including an al Houthi leader. Al Houthi militants reportedly sent reinforcements to Qaniya in late June.
Horn of Africa Security Brief:
A suspected al Shabaab militant conducted a suicide vehicle-borne improvised explosive device attack in Hamar Jajab district of Somalia’s capital Mogadishu on July 4. Somali officials reported that the attack targeted a tax collection center. The explosion killed the attacker and injured at least five civilians. An al Shabaab militant detonated a suicide vest targeting Somali National Army (SNA) forces at a Turkish-run military base in Mogadishu in late June.
A suspected al Shabaab improvised explosive device (IED) detonated in Baidoa city in south-central Somalia’s Bay region on July 5. The explosion killed at least five civilians and injured at least eight others. Al Shabaab claimed an IED attack that killed four civilians near Baidoa in late May.
SNA forces repelled an al Shabaab attack on a SNA base near Awdinle town in Bay region on July 6, killing five al Shabaab militants. Al Shabaab militants attacked an Ethiopian National Defense Force base in Bay region in early June.
 “Riyadh announces blocking drones, Houthis target an airport and air base in Saudi Arabia,” Al Jazeera, July, 3, 2020, https://www.aljazeera.net/news/2020/7/3/%d8%a7%d9%84%d8%b1%d9%8a%d8%a7%d8%b6-%d8%aa%d8%b9%d9%84%d9%86-%d8%b5%d8%af%d9%91-%d8%b7%d8%a7%d8%a6%d8%b1%d8%a7%d8%aa-%d9%85%d8%b3%d9%8a%d8%b1%d8%a9-%d8%a7%d8%b3%d8%aa%d9%87%d8%af%d8%a7%d9%81; “Yemen’s Houthis say targeted Saudi airport, air base with drones,” Reuters, July 3, 2020, https://www.reuters.com/article/us-yemen-security-saudi-drones/yemens-houthis-say-targeted-saudi-airport-air-base-with-drones-idUSKBN2441ZJ; and
 “Amidst news of Saudi pressure on Hadi … consultations between the Yemeni government and the Transitional Council to form a new government,” Al Jazeera, July 6, 2020, https://www.aljazeera.net/news/politics/2020/7/6/%d9%88%d8%b3%d8%b7-%d8%a3%d9%86%d8%a8%d8%a7%d8%a1-%d8%b9%d9%86-%d8%b6%d8%ba%d9%88%d8%b7-%d8%b3%d8%b9%d9%88%d8%af%d9%8a%d8%a9-%d8%b9%d9%84%d9%89-%d9%87%d8%a7%d8%af%d9%8a-%d8%a8%d8%af%d8%a1/; and Matthew Eady and Zachary Jaynes, “Gulf of Aden Security Review – July 1, 2020,” Critical Threats Project at the American Enterprise Institute, July 1, 2020, https://www.criticalthreats.org/briefs/gulf-of-aden-security-review/gulf-of-aden-security-review-july-1-2020.
 “Three al Houthi vehicles destroyed and dozens wounded in eastern Yemen,” Khabar Agency, July 6, 2020, https://www.khabaragency.net/news128692.html; and Matthew Eady and Zachary Jaynes, “Gulf of Aden Security Review – June 26, 2020,” Critical Threats Project at the American Enterprise Institute, June 26, 2002, https://www.criticalthreats.org/briefs/gulf-of-aden-security-review/gulf-of-aden-security-review-june-26-2020.
 “The killing of a prominent al Houthi leader on Qaniya front in al Bayda with army controlling new locations,” Al Mashhad al Yemeni, July 6, 2020, https://www.almashhad-alyemeni.com/171219; “Army makes progress in Al-Bayda, shot down drone in Marib,” 26 Sep News, July 5, 2020, http://en.26sepnews.net/2020/07/05/army-makes-new-progress-shot-down-drone-in-marib/; and Matthew Eady and Zachary Jaynes, “Gulf of Aden Security Review – July 1, 2020,” Critical Threats Project at the American Enterprise Institute, July 1, 2020, https://www.criticalthreats.org/briefs/gulf-of-aden-security-review/gulf-of-aden-security-review-july-1-2020.
 Abdi Latif Dahir, “Attacks in Somalia Leave at Least 5 dead,” New York Times, July 4, 2020, https://www.nytimes.com/2020/07/04/world/africa/somalia-bombing-mogadishu.html; and Matthew Eady and Zachary Jaynes, “Gulf of Aden Security Review – June 24, 2020, Critical Threats Project at the American Enterprise Institute, June 24, 2020, https://www.criticalthreats.org/briefs/gulf-of-aden-security-review/gulf-of-aden-security-review-june-24-2020.
 “Somali restaurant attack: Six killed by al Shabaab,” BBC, July 4, 2020, https://www.bbc.com/news/world-africa-53289992; and Muhammad Ramadhito and Samuel Bloebaum, “Gulf of Aden Security Review - May 27, 2020,” Critical Threats Project at the American Enterprise Institute, May 27, 2020, https://www.criticalthreats.org/briefs/gulf-of-aden-security-review/gulf-of-aden-security-review-may-27-2020.
 “Five militants killed in southern Somalia,” Xinhau, July 6, 2020, http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2020-07/06/c_139192354.htm; and Samuel Bloebaum and Jessica Kocan, “Gulf of Aden Security Review – June 1, 2020, Critical Threats Project at the American Enterprise Institute, June 1, 2020, https://www.criticalthreats.org/briefs/gulf-of-aden-security-review/gulf-of-aden-security-review-june-1-2020