Gulf of Aden Security Review
A regularly updated review of both Yemen and the Horn of Africa covering topics related to security, governance, and militant activity.
Yemen: Yemeni Coast Guard and U.S. Navy interdicts large shipment of weapons and explosives off Yemeni coast, possibly linked to Iran; Yemeni operation against Ansar al Sharia in al Manaseh, al Bayda continues; airstrikes hit two villages in Dhamar governorate; former President Saleh says he plans to remain in Yemen for National Dialogue Conference; Political Security officer and deputy wounded in Hadramawt governorate; car set on fire in Taiz; RPGs fired at oil pumping station in Ma’rib; Brigadier General Ahmed Saleh, son of deposed president, returns to Yemen; three protesters wounded by security forces outside Mansoura Central Prison in Aden
Horn of Africa: Suicide bomber targets Villa Somalia, Mogadishu; Muslim Youth Center condemns al Shabaab Twitter account suspension; unknown gunmen shoot Red Cross ambulance at Dadaab Refugee Camp, Kenya; three traditional elders remain in al Shabaab custody in Elbur, Galgudud region; Somali president travels to Brussels, Belgium; EU extends training mission mandate in Somalia
Yemen Security Brief
- The Yemeni Coast Guard, in a joint raid with the U.S. Navy forces from the nearby USS Farragut, interdicted a large shipment of explosives, weapons and money on a sailboat flying multiple flags that entered Yemeni territorial waters in the Arabian Sea on January 23. The weapons captured included C4 explosives, 122mm artillery shells, surface-to-air missiles, rocket-propelled grenades, and improvised explosive device (IED) -making materials. The ship’s crew—eight Yemeni sailors—was also detained. American officials briefed on the seizure said that there were indications that the smuggling operation was linked to Iran.
- Ongoing Yemeni military operations against Ansar al Sharia continued into January 29 in the vicinity of al Manaseh, al Bayda governorate. Two additional brigades advanced on northern al Manaseh from Dhamar via the Hada road, while two others advanced from the Ahram area, and had taken control of Khabza, according to military sources. As a part of the operation, Yemeni forces launched a total of four airstrikes, including one on the courtyard of a health center in which thirteen captured soldiers were being held by militants in the town of al Manaseh, one in an empty area of the town, and two in the vicinity of the nearby Tha’alib mountain, where militants had damaged a number of tanks and armored vehicles, and blown up two supply trucks, pinning down an army battalion on January 28. Casualty statistics among Yemeni forces and militants are still forthcoming. A stray artillery shell killed two Somali workers.
- Airstrikes struck two villages in the Mayfa’at ‘Ans area of Dhamar governorate on January 29. Casualty statistics are unknown.
- Former President Ali Abdullah Saleh gave an interview to Saudi newspaper al Okaz, on January 28. He claimed that he would stay in Yemen, as leadership of the General People’s Congress (GPC) party and that his supporters have asked him to advise on the upcoming National Dialogue Conference.
- A car was set on fire on Jamal Street in Taiz on January 29, after unknown individuals threw a homemade Molotov cocktail at it.
- Unknown individuals fired three RPGs at an oil pumping station in the Kufl area in Sarwah district of Ma’rib governorate. No one was injured and no equipment was damaged.
- A Political Security Officer, Lt. Col. Fadhl Abdullah al Fadhli and a deputy in the bureau, Badr Mohammad Ja’afer, were wounded by gunmen on motorcycles in the Ghail Bawazir area of Hadramawt governorate on January 29.
- Brigadier General Ahmed Ali Abdullah Saleh, the commander of the Yemeni Republican Guard and son of deposed former President Saleh, returned to Yemen on January 29, after a month and a half spent abroad.
- Three people, including a journalist, were injured when security forces from inside Mansoura Central Prison in Aden fired on protesters outside the prison’s front gate on January 29.
Horn of Africa Security Brief
- A suicide vest attack occured in front of Villa Somalia, Mogadishu on January 29. The blast took place outside the prime minister’s house and the Ethiopian Embassy, both within Villa Somalia, a highly guarded compound that houses many government buildings. Conflicting casualty numbers are being reported. Two to six of the prime minister’s guards were killed in the attack. The bomber’s identity is unknown, but is possibly a member of al Shabaab or an ex-National Intelligence and Security Agency employee. No group has claimed responsibility for the attack. Both the Italian government and AMISOM have denounced the bombing.
- Kenya-based Muslim Youth Center (MYC) posted a statement to its blog on January 27 condemning the suspension of al Shabaab’s Twitter page. MYC called the suspension an, “erroneous attempt spurred on by U.S. counter-terrorism strategies aimed at disrupting and dismantling global jihad.”
- Unknown gunmen attacked a Kenyan Red Cross Society (KRCS) ambulance near Dadaab Refugee Camp, Kenya on January 28. KRCS has decided to suspend its activity in the refugee complex for the immediate future. The gunmen have not been caught and no group has claimed responsibility for the attack.
- Three traditional elders remain captives of al Shabaab in Elbur, Galgudud. Seventeen traditional elders were arrested after refusing to give the families of two al Shabaab victims 200 camels on January 12. Fourteen of the captives were released on January 18.
- Somali President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud traveled to Brussels, Belgium on January 29 to meet with members of the European Union.
- The European Union extended its training mission mandate in Somalia for another two years, renewing it until March 31, 2015. This mandate will cost the European Union €11.6 million and includes training Somali troops as well as giving strategic defense and political advice to the Somali government.