November 29, 2021

Indicators and Thresholds For Russian Military Operations In Ukraine and/or Belarus

Originally published in Institute for the Study of War

Posted courtesy of the Institute for the Study of War.

Institute for the Study of War, Russia Team
George Barros with Frederick W. Kagan, Mason Clark, and Kateryna Stepanenko

UPDATED February 17, 5:00pm

Russia is setting conditions to conduct military operations against Ukraine and/or in Belarus in the coming weeks or months. The Russian Federation has positioned military forces around Ukraine’s border and near the border with Belarus able to initiate offensive operations on very short notice with very little warning. Russian officials and media outlets have been setting conditions in the information space to support such operations. This document is not intended as a forecast or an assessment of the likelihood of any such Russian activities, all of which are also consistent with Russian non-military lines of effort against Ukraine, Belarus, the United States, and NATO.

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