A Boko Haram flag flies in Damasak, Nigeria March 24, 2015. REUTERS/Joe Penney

November 16, 2017

Backgrounder: Boko Haram in Nigeria

Boko Haram is a Salafi-jihadi militant organiza­tion waging an insurgency against the state in northeastern Nigeria and the Lake Chad Basin region. Several competing factions, including ISIS Wilayat Gharb Ifriqiyya, comprise the group. Boko Haram seeks to establish shari’a-based govern­ance in areas under its control.


2002-2009: Founding and a Turn to Violence

2009-2011: Dormancy and Resurgence

2012-2014: Ansaru Schism and Escalating Violence

2014-2015: Notoriety and Territorial Maximum

2015: MNJTF Offensive and Pledge to ISIS

2016-2017: Another Schism

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