Yemen Order of Battle

The Yemen Order of Battle (ORBAT) describes the structure and placement of the Yemeni Armed Forces down to the brigade level.  It includes units of the Army, Air Force, and Republican Guard, an elite unit of the Army. It does not include Central Security Forces, Special Forces, Presidential Guard, Security, or Navy and Coastal Guard units, except for the 2nd Naval Infantry Brigade, which may be a navy unit. The Yemeni Armed Forces are not as rigidly structured as other more developed militaries. Its hierarchy is composed of five military districts – Central, Eastern, Middle, North-Western, and Southern. Within these districts the units are sometimes split into axes, which the Critical Threats Project has assessed to be roughly equivalent to a Task Force, each comprising a number of camps and brigades.

The information in this document is drawn in great part from the Yemeni state and Armed Forces media outlets, and uses the most recent data available for commanders and locations. A Yemeni “brigade” is much smaller than the U.S. equivalent and is estimated to include about 1,500 troops.[1] Former President Ali Abdullah Saleh declined to conduct audits of the military’s assets and personnel, and since brigade commanders were in charge of distributing salaries to their soldiers, brigade sizes were often exaggerated.[2]

 
Yemen Order of Battle

Yemen Air Force: YAF
Yemen Army: YA
Yemen Republican Guard: YRG[3]
Yemen Special Forces

Commanders and units that announced support for the popular revolution over the course of 2011 have been marked with an asterisk. Commanders who were instated on April 6, 2012 are italicized.

Central Military District (Maj. Gen. Saif Mohsen Saleh)–Sana’a, Ibb[4]

Daylami Airbase, Sana’a

*2nd Aviation Brigade (YAF)–Daylami Airbase, Sana’a[5]

*4th Aviation Brigade (YAF)–Daylami Airbase, Sana’a[6]

*6th Aviation Brigade (YAF)–Daylami Airbase, Sana’a[7]

*8th Aviation Brigade (YAF)–Daylami Airbase, Sana’a[8]

*101st Air Defense Brigade (YAF)–Daylami Airbase, Sana’a[9]

*110th Air Defense Brigade (YAF)–Daylami Airbase, Sana’a[10]

Al Sami Axis (Brig. Gen. Murad al Awbali)–Arhab, Sana’a governorate[11]

(We assess that the Yemeni Armed Forces use the term “axis” to describe a temporary ad hoc headquarters composed of several brigades and camps, similar to what the U.S. military would call a Task Force.)

Al Sami Camp, Arhab, Sana’a governorate

*160th Air Defense Brigade (Ali al Rawni, YAF)–al Sami Camp, Sana’a[12]

3rd Mountain Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Abdu Rabbu Abdulmalek Mahdi Mayad, YRG)–al Sami Camp, Sana’a[13]

61st Brigade (YRG)–al Sami Camp, Sana’a[14]

83rd Brigade (Mohammed al Radhi, YRG)–al Sami Camp, Sana’a[15]

Various camps in and around Sana’a

29th Mechanized Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Hafezullah Ahmed Yahya al Sadmi, YA)–Tariq Bin Ziad Military Camp, Sana’a[16]

2nd Mountain Infantry Brigade (YRG)–Jabal Reed, Sana’a[17]

3rd Armored Brigade (Brig. Gen. Abdul Rahman Abdullah al Halili, YRG)–Sana’a[18]

*4th Brigade (Brig. Gen. Abdulmalek al Arar, YRG)–al Sawad Camp, Sana’a[19]

7th Brigade (YRG)–Khawlan, Sana’a (probably an Infantry Brigade)[20]

26th Brigade (*Brig. Gen. Ali Shabibi, YRG)–Furdat Nihm, Sana’a (probably a Mechanized Infantry Brigade)[21]

62nd Mountain Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Murad al Awbali, YRG)–Farijah Camp, Sana’a[22]

63rd Mechanized Infantry Brigade (Col. Mohammed al Qara’a, YRG)–Bayt Dahrah, Sana’a[23]

*101st Mountain Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Hasan Faraj, YRG)–Thouma Camp, Sana’a[24]

102nd Mountain Infantry Brigade (YRG)–Bani Hushaysh, Sana’a[25]

*17th Air Defense Brigade (YAF)–Bani Hushaysh, Sana’a; combat development[26]

*140th Air Defense Brigade (YAF)–Dilaa Shamlan, Sana’a[27]

Yerim, Ibb governorate

55th Brigade (YRG)–Yerim, Ibb[28]

Eastern Military District (Maj. Gen. Ali Ali Mohammed al Jaifi, YA)–Hadramawt[29]

Ghaidah Axis (Brig. Gen. Abdullah Mansour)–Ghaidah, Hadramawt[30]

123rd Mechanized Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Abdullah Mansour)–Ghaidah, Hadramawt[31]

Various locations in Hadramawt governorate

11th Border Guard Brigade (Brig. Gen. Saleh Timis, Border Guards)–al Bedayea, Hadramawt[32]

23rd Mechanized Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Mabkhout Saleh al Tha’wani, YA)[33]

27th Mechanized Infantry Brigade (Maj. Gen. Ali Ali Mohammed al Jaifi, YA)[34]

37th Armored Brigade (Brig. Gen. Tareq Mohammed Abdullah Saleh, YA)[35]

315th Armored Brigade (YA)[36]

*190th Air Defense Brigade (YAF)[37]

Middle Military District (Brig. Gen. Ahmed Saif Mohsen Fadal al Yafi'i)–Ma’rib, Shabwah[38]

Ataq Axis (Brig. Gen. Mohammed Hussein al Jamaa’i)–Ataq, Shabwah[39]

21st Mechanized Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Mohammed Hussein al Jamaa’i, YA)–Ataq, Shabwah[40]

Various locations in Mar’ib governorate

107th Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Mohsen Saleh Hantaf, YA)–al Wadi, Ma’rib[41]

13th Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Ahmed Saif Mohsen Fadal al Yafi'i, YA)–Ma’rib[42]

Various locations in Shabwah governorate

2nd Naval Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Qasem Rajeh Labouza)–Belhaf, Shabwah[43]

19th Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Hamid al Somali, YA)–Shabwah[44]

312th Infantry Brigade (Mohammed Qaid Said, YA)–Sirwah, Ma’rib[45]

14th Armored Brigade (YRG)–Ma’rib[46]

*180th Air Defense Brigade (YAF)–Ma’rib[47]

North-Western Military District (*Maj. Gen. Ali Mohsen al Ahmar)–Amran, Sa’ada, Hajjah[48]

*1st  Armored Division (*Maj. Gen. Ali Mohsen al Ahmar)[49]

(We have not been able to identify which units report to the 1st Armored Division headquarters apart from the unit listed below.  It is not clear that the division is distinct from the military district, or that any of the units in the district do not report to the division.)

Air Defense Brigade (*Sadeq Ali Sarhan)[50]

Al Malahaidh Axis (*Ali Omar Said al Kazimi)–al Malahaidh, Sa’ada[51]

*Sa’ada Axis (Brig. Gen. Adel al Qamiri)[52]

1st Mountain Infantry Brigade–Sa’ada, Sa’ada governorate[53]

117th Infantry Brigade (YA)–Sa’ada, Sa’ada governorate[54]

*1st Artillery Brigade (*Brig. Gen. Hasan Ziad Khiran, YRG)–Sa’ada, Sa’ada governorate[55]

Various locations in Hajjah governorate

82nd Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Yousef Ali Mohammed al Sharaji, YA)–Abs, Hajjah[56]

15th Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Hussein Saleh Abdullah, YA)–Ahim, Hajjah[57]

Various locations in Amran governorate

103rd Infantry Brigade (YA)–Amran governorate[58]

127th Brigade (*Jihad Ali Antar, YA)–al Qaflah, Amran[59]

310th Armored Brigade (Brig. Gen. Hamid al Qushaibi, YA)–Amran[60]

72nd Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Abdulhamid Mohammed Makwala, YRG)–Harf Sufyan, Amran[61]

Various locations in Sa’ada governorate

131st Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Fadel Hasan Mohammed, YA)–Sa’ada[62]

133rd Infantry Brigade (Col. Ali Jazaa Ahmed Hydra, YA)–Sa’ada governorate[63]

Unclear location

*314th Armored Brigade (Brig. Gen. Mohammed Ali Khalil, YA)–Sana’a[64]

(units deployed in Sana’a and Ghaidah, Hadramawt in the Eastern Military District)[65]

Southern Military District (Maj. Gen. Salem Ali Qatan)–Aden, Taiz, Abyan, Lahij, Dhaleh[66]

Taiz Axis (Brig. Gen. Hussein Muhsen al Maqdad)–Taiz[67]

*Tariq Airbase (Gen. Abdul Karim al Muhaya)–Taiz, Taiz governorate[68]

*170th Air Defense Brigade (Brig. Gen. Hussein Qasem Mohsen al Ansi, YAF)–Tariq Airbase, Taiz[69]

17th Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Abdulaziz al Shahari, YA)–Dhubab, Taiz[70]

22nd Armored Brigade (YRG)–al Taiziyya, Taiz[71]

33rd Armored Brigade (Brig. Gen. Abdullah Dhabaan, YRG)–Khaled Bin al Walid Camp, Taiz[72]

Abyan Axis (Brig. Gen. Haidra Lahatal)–Abyan[73]

5th Brigade (YA)–Abyan governorate[74]

25th Mechanized Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Mohamed Abdullah al Somali, YA)–Zinjibar, Abyan[75]

31st Armored Brigade (Maj. Gen. Saleh Ali Qatan, YA)–Dofes, Abyan[76]

111th Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Abdulqawwi al Masmari, YA)–Lawder, Abyan[77]

115th Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Abdu Rabbu al Israeli, YA)–Dofes, Abyan[78]

119th Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Faisal Rajjab, YA)–al Kud/Dofes, Abyan[79]

201st Mechanized Infantry Brigade (Maj. Gen. Mahmoud al Subaihi, YA)–Dofes, Abyan[80]

Anad Axis (Maj. Gen. Mahmoud al Subaihi)–Anad, Lahij[81]

Anad Base (Maj. Gen. Mahmoud al Subaihi)–Anad, Lahij[82]

*90th Aviation Brigade (Col. Rashed Naser al Janad, YAF)–Anad Base, Lahij[83]

Various locations in Dhaleh governorate

35th Armored Brigade (Brig. Gen. Mohammed Abdullah Haidar, YA)–Dhaleh governorate[84]

135th Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Yahya Ali Ahmed Masar, YA)–Dhaleh governorate[85]

Camps around Aden

39th Armored Brigade (Brig. Gen. Mohammed Ghaleb al Jarabani, YA)–Badr Camp, Aden[86]

*120th Air Defense Brigade (Brig. Gen. Fatah al Rahman al Doais, YAF)–Abu Harba Camp, Aden[87]

Unknown

Al Hudaydah Airbase (Brig. Gen. Faisal Ahmed Saeed al Subaihi, YAF)–al Hudaydah[88]

*67th Aviation Brigade (Brig. Gen. Faisal Ahmed Saeed al Subaihi, YAF)–al Hudaydah Airbase, al Hudaydah[89]

*130th Air Defense Brigade (YAF)–al Hudaydah Airbase, al Hudaydah[90]

*122nd Infantry Brigade (YA)[91]

*9th Brigade (Brig. Gen. Ibrahim al Jaifi, YRG)–Dhamar governorate (probably a Mechanized Infantry Brigade)[92]

30th Brigade (YRG)–Dhamar governorate (probably an Armored Brigade)[93]

89th Artillery Brigade (Brig. Gen. Mohammed Ali Sanad, YRG)[94]

121st Infantry Brigade (Brig. Gen. Nasser al Jahuri, YA)–Abu Musa al Ashari Camp, al Khawkha, al Hudaydah[95]



[1] “Jane’s Sentinel Security Assessment – The Gulf States, Army, Yemen,” Jane’s Information Group, May 8, 2009. [subscription]
[2] Ali Saeed and Mohamed Bin Sallam, “Counting Yemen’s Military Assets,” Yemen Times, April 5, 2012. Available: http://www.yementimes.com/en/1561/news/677
[3] The Republican Guard is an elite unit of the Army.
[4] “Inauguration of instructive campaign to raise awareness about danger of terror and extremism,” SABA, March 28, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news264474.htm
[5] “Air force demonstrations to oust Saleh's brother spread, but not to al Sami base or Badr base in Aden,” Aden al Ghad, January 31, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://adenalghad.net/news/7138.htm#ixzz1qVoOs4z0
[6] “Air force demonstrations to oust Saleh's brother spread, but not to al Sami base or Badr base in Aden,” Aden al Ghad, January 31, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://adenalghad.net/news/7138.htm#ixzz1qVoOs4z0
“Revolution of change in government institutions removes corrupt leaders, more are to follow,” al Sahwa, December 25, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/arabic/subjects/1/2011/12/25/14909.htm
[7] “Air force demonstrations to oust Saleh's brother spread, but not to al Sami base or Badr base in Aden,” Aden al Ghad, January 31, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://adenalghad.net/news/7138.htm#ixzz1qVoOs4z0
“Two fighters destroyed in Daylami base after being targeted with shells,” al Sahwa, October 31, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/arabic/subjects/1/2011/10/31/13737.htm
[8] “Air force demonstrations to oust Saleh's brother spread, but not to al Sami base or Badr base in Aden,” Aden al Ghad, January 31, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://adenalghad.net/news/7138.htm#ixzz1qVoOs4z0
“Vice President of the Republic inaugurates a number of development programs for the air force,” SABA, October 6, 2010 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/print225603.htm
[9] “Air force demonstrations to oust Saleh's brother spread, but not to al Sami base or Badr base in Aden,” Aden al Ghad, January 31, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://adenalghad.net/news/7138.htm#ixzz1qVoOs4z0
[10] “Air force demonstrations to oust Saleh's brother spread, but not to al Sami base or Badr base in Aden,” Aden al Ghad, January 31, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://adenalghad.net/news/7138.htm#ixzz1qVoOs4z0
[11] “One dead and several wounded in Arhab in violent shelling of the guard while rights delegation visits area,” al Sahwa, April 4, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/arabic/subjects/1/2012/4/4/17208.htm
[12] “Air force demonstrations to oust Saleh's brother spread, but not to al Sami base or Badr base in Aden,” Aden al Ghad, January 31, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://adenalghad.net/news/7138.htm#ixzz1qVoOs4z0
“President inspects military brigades,” SABA, April 28, 2010. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/en/news212888.htm
[13] “Issue of Republican Decree appointing commanders of some brigades,” SABA, April 6, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news265212.htm
“Hadi appoints new commander of the Special Guard,” Yemen Post, March 14, 2012. Available: http://yemenpost.net/Detail123456789.aspx?ID=3&SubID=4904&MainCat=3
“Funeral for a number of martyrs of duty in Sana'a,” SABA, November 23, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/print253922.htm
[14] “President Saleh visits 61st brigade of the republican guards,” SABA, August 5, 2006. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/en/news117959.htm
“Map of Arhab with camp locations and villages near battles,” R5yah, July 28, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://r5yah.net/vb/showthread.php?p=70101
[15] “Funeral for soldiers Jamal Shamlan and Jamil al Aiesee,” SABA, July 31, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news244873.htm
“In answer to a list of wanted by Ministry of the Interior,” Mareb Press, July 8, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://marebpress.net/news_details.php?sid=35194
[16] “Academic lectures emphasize need for commitment to neutrality,” SABA, January 25, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news258937.htm
“President visits 29th Mechanic Brigade,” SABA, August 26, 2009. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news192333.htm
“Issue of Republican Decree appointing commanders of some brigades,” SABA, April 6, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news265212.htm
[17] “Funeral for martyrs of duty from the armed and security forces,” SABA, December 9, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/news_details.php?lang=arabic&sid=78035
“Continuing academic lectures in a number of districts, axes, and military units,” SABA, January 24, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news258825.htm
[18] “Issue of Republican Decree appointing commanders of some brigades,” SABA, April 6, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news265212.htm
[19] “President of the Republic visits the 4th Brigade of the Republican Guard,” SABA, November 19, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news253605.htm
Mohamed Bin Sallam, “Concerns over Hadi’s ability to reconstruct military and security services,” Yemen Times, February 23, 2012. Available: http://www.yementimes.com/en/1549/news/458/Concerns-over-Hadi%E2%80%99s-ability-to-reconstruct-military-and-security-services.htm
“Second eruption of protests in the Republican Guard brigades, members of the Fourth Brigade in al Sawad camp in Sana’a cut off the Sana’a-Taiz road,” Mareb Press, January 28, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://marebpress.net/news_details.php?sid=39998&lng=arabic
[20] “Evening concert for the members of the CSF and the 7th Brigade of the Republican Guard in al Arqoub in Khoulan district,” Yemen CSF, June 6, 2010 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.yemencsf.org/PrintNews.asp?newsID=311
“Cultural caravans of the Department of Moral Guidance continue their cultural, media, and instructive events,” 26 September, May 17, 2005 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/newsweekarticle.php?lng=arabic&sid=20086
[21] Ibrahim al Qadimi, “Military Divisions Speed Saleh's Fall,” Al Jazeera, March 22, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.aljazeera.net/news/pages/e3c01d1d-2dc7-4033-8ea2-7a3029586797
“Helicopter bombs Nihm, 26th Republican Guard Brigade falls to tribes,” Mareb Press, March 27, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.marebpress.net/news_details.php?sid=34192&lng=arabic
[22] “Members of 62nd Brigade of Republican Guard assert their standing with constitutional legitimacy,” SABA, March 27, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news238463.htm
“Hadi appoints new commander of the Special Guard,” Yemen Post, March 14, 2012. Available: http://yemenpost.net/Detail123456789.aspx?ID=3&SubID=4904&MainCat=3
“Arhab, Nihm and Bani Harmouz...a story of blood, destruction and flight,” al Masdar Online, November 23, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://almasdaronline.com/index.php?page=news&article-section=1&news_id=25813
[23] “Funeral for two martyrs of duty, al Awaj and al Jalla,” SABA, December 4, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: www.sabanews.net/ar/news254763.htm
“Men of 3rd Infantry Brigade and 63rd Republican Guard affirm their loyalty to God and country,” SABA, May 30, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news241997.htm
“President chairs joint meeting of political, security leaders,” SABA, November 21, 2011. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/en/news253800.htm
“In answer to a list of wanted by Ministry of the Interior,” Mareb Press, July 8, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://marebpress.net/news_details.php?sid=35194
[24] “Sa'ada governor inspects 101st mashara [sic] Brigade in al Buqa' border region,” SABA, January 24, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news204020.htm
“Officers of the 101st Republican Guard announce loyalty to revolution,” Mareb Press, May 10, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://marebpress.net/news_details.php?sid=33782&lng=arabic
“Helicopter bombs Nihm, 26th Republican Guard Brigade falls to tribes,” Mareb Press, March 27, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.marebpress.net/news_details.php?sid=34192&lng=arabic
[25] “Continuing academic lectures in a number of districts, axes, and military units,” SABA, January 24, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news258825.htm
“President inspects Bani Husheish district,” SABA, January 28, 2009. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/en/news174867.htm
[26] “Air force demonstrations to oust Saleh's brother spread, but not to al Sami base or Badr base in Aden,” Aden al Ghad, January 31, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://adenalghad.net/news/7138.htm#ixzz1qVoOs4z0
[27] “Air force demonstrations to oust Saleh's brother spread, but not to al Sami base or Badr base in Aden,” Aden al Ghad, January 31, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://adenalghad.net/news/7138.htm#ixzz1qVoOs4z0
“Inauguration of instructive campaign to raise awareness about danger of terror and extremism,” SABA, March 28, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news264474.htm
[28] “Funeral for two martyrs of duty, al Awaj and al Jalla,” SABA, December 4, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: www.sabanews.net/ar/news254763.htm
“Cultural caravans of the Department of Moral Guidance continue their cultural, media, and instructive events,” 26 September, May 17, 2005 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/newsweekarticle.php?lng=arabic&sid=20086
[29] “Republican Decree appointing Deputy Chiefs of General Staff and leaders of some forces and areas,” SABA, April 6, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news265209.htm
[30] “Continuing academic lectures in a number of districts, axes, and military units,” SABA, January 24, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news258825.htm
[31] “Brigadier General Abdullah Mansour, commander of the 123rd Infantry Brigade: the members of the brigade will remain true to their oaths as loyal soldiers to protect the nation and its unity, security, and stability,” 26 September, March 28, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/news_details.php?lng=arabic&sid=72588
“Academic lectures emphasize need for commitment to neutrality,” SABA, January 25, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news258937.htm
[32] “Military academics ask men of the armed forces to participate actively in the elections and to create a safe environment for success,” SABA, January 28, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/print259141.htm
“President Saleh visits Hadramout province,” SABA, February 5, 2005. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news87562.htm
[33] “Inauguration of instructive campaign to raise awareness about danger of terror and extremism,” SABA, March 28, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news264474.htm
“Leaders and heroes of the 23rd Mechanized Infantry Brigade: we will remain loyal to the nation and the legitimate political leaders,” SABA, April 1, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news238721.htm
[34] “Army sports union branches in the Southern and Eastern Military Zones continue their activities,” 26 September, September 14, 2006 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/newsweekprint.php?lng=arabic&sid=28501
“Republican Decree appointing Deputy Chiefs of General Staff and leaders of some forces and areas,” SABA, April 6, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news265209.htm
“President of the Republic visits 27th Mechanized Brigade and the 190th Air Defense Brigade...,” SABA, February 10, 2005 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news87834.htm
[35] “Military academics ask men of the armed forces to participate actively in the elections and to create a safe environment for success,” SABA, January 28, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/print259141.htm
“Inauguration of instructive campaign to raise awareness about danger of terror and extremism,” SABA, March 28, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news264474.htm
“Issue of Republican Decree appointing commanders of some brigades,” SABA, April 6, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news265212.htm
[36] “Military academics ask men of the armed forces to participate actively in the elections and to create a safe environment for success,” SABA, January 28, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/print259141.htm
[37] “President of the Republic visits 27th Mechanized Brigade and the 190th Air Defense Brigade...,” SABA, February 10, 2005 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news87834.htm
“Air force demonstrations to oust Saleh's brother spread, but not to al Sami base or Badr base in Aden,” Aden al Ghad, January 31, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://adenalghad.net/news/7138.htm#ixzz1qVoOs4z0
[38] “Republican Decree appointing Deputy Chiefs of General Staff and leaders of some forces and areas,” SABA, April 6, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news265209.htm
[39] “By the decision of the president of the Republic: appointments to military leadership positions,” 26 September, July 31, 2008 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/newsweekprint.php?lng=arabic&sid=40445
“Shabwah: Military and youth display celebrating unity,” al Motamar, May 27, 2009 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.almotamar.net/news/documents/70414.doc
[40] “By the decision of the president of the Republic: appointments to military leadership positions,” 26 September, July 31, 2008 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/newsweekprint.php?lng=arabic&sid=40445
“Military academy calls on members of the armed forces not to engage in political action,” SABA, January 29, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news259212.htm
[41] “Military academics ask men of the armed forces to participate actively in the elections and to create a safe environment for success,” SABA, January 28, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/print259141.htm
“Ministry of the Interior: the crude oil pipeline in Ma'rib was hit with another attack,” SABA, March 11, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news262882.htm
[42] “Republican Decree appointing Deputy Chiefs of General Staff and leaders of some forces and areas,” SABA, April 6, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news265209.htm
“Academic lectures for units of the armed forces affirm neutrality of the Defense and Security Institution,” SABA, January 23, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news258745.htm
“The president of the Republic visited army and security camps in Ma'rib: there is no development without security and stability,” SABA, March 7, 2004 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/print63416.htm
[43] “Ministers of defense and oil and the French ambassador inspect the liquefied gas project in Belhaf,” SABA, January 10, 2010 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/print202771.htm
“Two Officers in the 2nd Naval Infantry Brigade in Shabwah Injured While Dispersing Protesters,” al Masdar, February 9, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://almasdaronline.com/index.php?page=news&article-section=1&news_id=28593
[44] “Governor of Shabwah praises the government on extracting the blight of terrorism,” SABA, August 31, 2010 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news223332.htm
“Military academics ask men of the armed forces to participate actively in the elections and to create a safe environment for success,” SABA, January 28, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/print259141.htm
[45] “Funeral for a number of martyrs of duty in Sana'a,” SABA, November 23, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/print253922.htm
 “Continuing academic lectures in a number of districts, axes, and military units,” SABA, January 24, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news258825.htm
[46] “President visits 14th Armored Brigade camp in Taiz,” SABA, May 17, 2010 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news214522.htm
“Funeral for martyrs of duties in Sana'a,” SABA, December 6, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news254950.htm
[47] “The president of the Republic visited army and security camps in Ma'rib: there is no development without security and stability,” SABA, March 7, 2004 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/print63416.htm
“Air force demonstrations to oust Saleh's brother spread, but not to al Sami base or Badr base in Aden,” Aden al Ghad, January 31, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://adenalghad.net/news/7138.htm#ixzz1qVoOs4z0
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“Heroes of the 117th Mechanized Brigade expel their commander after they uncover his collaboration with unlawful elements,” 26 September, April 20, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/news_details.php?sid=73224
“New appointments in the armed forces,” 26 September, February 18, 2010 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/news_details.php?lng=arabic&sid=61329
[53] “Defense Minister affirms importance of establishing peace and security in Sa'ada,” SABA, April 14, 2010 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/print211570.htm
“Saleh visits 1st and 2nd Mountain Infantry Brigades,” SABA, February 7, 2011. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news235113.htm
[54] “Heroes of the 117th Mechanized Brigade expel their commander after they uncover his collaboration with unlawful elements,” 26 September, April 20, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/news_details.php?sid=73224
[55] “President Saleh attends en masse wedding of Republican Guards,” SABA, July 12, 2004. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/en/news73711.htm
“Defense Minister affirms importance of establishing peace and security in Sa'ada,” SABA, April 14, 2010 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/print211570.htm
“The police academy and over ten brigades announce their support for the revolution,” al Sahwa, March 21, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/arabic/subjects/1/2011/3/21/8215.htm
[56] “Issue of Republican Decree appointing commanders of some brigades,” SABA, April 6, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news265212.htm
“President visits 82nd brigade in Abs Military Camp,” SABA, September 15, 2008. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/en/news164102.htm
[57] “Presidential decrees appoint army commanders,” SABA, March 29, 2011. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/en/print238608.htm
“Funeral for martyr of duty, officer Mohammed al Matari,” SABA, March 27, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news264306.htm
“Protesting soldiers block border road at Abs to demand return of commander of the 15th Infantry Brigade,” al Masdar Online, March 11, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://almasdaronline.com/index.php?page=news&article-section=1&news_id=29653
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“Funeral of Staff Colonel Nashwan al Kalibi,” SABA, March 10, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://sabanews.net/ar/news262757.htm
[59] “President of the Republic visits the 127th Brigade in the North-Western Region,” SABA, December 21, 2003 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news57683.htm
“The police academy and over ten brigades announce their support for the revolution,” al Sahwa, March 21, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/arabic/subjects/1/2011/3/21/8215.htm
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“Continuing academic lectures in a number of districts, axes, and military units,” SABA, January 24, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news258825.htm
“Inauguration of instructive campaign to raise awareness about danger of terror and extremism,” SABA, March 28, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news264474.htm
[61] “By the decision of the president of the Republic: appointments to military leadership positions,” 26 September, July 31, 2008 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/newsweekprint.php?lng=arabic&sid=40445
“Son of Brigadier General Halal Harmal attacked by militias of the division and al Iman University,” 26 September, April 9, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/news_details.php?lng=arabic&sid=72914
[62] “Defense Minister inspects military and security units in Sa'ada,” SABA, November 30, 2009 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news199553.htm
“Leader of the 131st Infantry Brigade and all its fighters affirm their support for the constitutional legitimacy,” SABA, September 26, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news249293.htm
[63] “New appointments in the Armed Forces,” al Motamar, November 17, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.almotamar.net/news/95009.htm
“A military source surprised at false news about 133th Infantry Brigade,” SABA, February 23, 2011. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/en/news236360.htm
[64] “Saleh accents support for dialogue to protect Yemen from sedition,” SABA, March 23, 2011. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/en/news238269.htm
“Funeral for two martyrs of duty, Muhsen al Sahami and Jamal Sanan, at Martyrs' Cemetery in Sana'a,” SABA, October 14, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news250867.htm
[65] “314th Armored Brigade loyal to constitutional legitimacy,” SABA, April 4, 2011. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news238919.htm
[66] “Republican decrees appointing military leaders issued,” SABA, March 1, 2012. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/en/news261986.htm
“Inspection visit of armed forces stationed in Abyan,” SABA, March 7, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://sabanews.net/ar/news262452.htm
[67] “Leader of the Southern Military Zone and all its leaders renew their commitment to the legitimacy of the constitution,” 26 September, March 29, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/nprint.php?lng=arabic&sid=72620
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“Air force demonstrations to oust Saleh's brother spread, but not to al Sami base or Badr base in Aden,” Aden al Ghad, January 31, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://adenalghad.net/news/7138.htm#ixzz1qVoOs4z0
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“President of the Republic visits the Bab al Mandab region,” SABA, November 13, 2010 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/print228735.htm
[71] “People of Taiziyya district affirm their firm position beside constitutional legitimacy,” SABA, September 15, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:q0r8w6lksj4J:www.sabanews.net/ar/word248349.htm+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=us
“Leader of the Southern Military Zone and all its leaders renew their commitment to the legitimacy of the constitution,” 26 September, March 29, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/nprint.php?lng=arabic&sid=72620
[72] “Tribal threats against leader of the 33rd Brigade,” Mareb Press, September 5, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://marebpress.net/news_details.php?sid=36349
Sasha Gordon, “Taiz: the Heart of Yemen’s Revolution,” AEI’s Critical Threats Project, January 12, 2012. Available: http://www.criticalthreats.org/yemen/gordon-taiz-heart-yemen-revolution-january-12-2012
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“Minister of Defense visits units of the armed forces and security stationed in Abyan Axis,” SABA, September 10, 2010 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news223837.htm
[74] “Human trafficking gang arrested,” SABA, February 25, 2004. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/en/print62492.htm
[75] “Inspection visit of armed forces stationed in Abyan,” SABA, March 7, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://sabanews.net/ar/news262452.htm
“Funeral for martyrs of duty from the 3rd Mountain Infantry Brigade and the 25th Mechanized Brigade,” SABA, August 3, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news245077.htm
[76] “Republican decrees appointing military leaders issued,” SABA, March 1, 2012. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/en/news261986.htm
“Last day for Mehdi Maqwala in Aden and the catastrophe for hundreds of Yemeni families,” al Masdar Online, March 6, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.almasdaronline.com/index.php?page=news&article-section=1&news_id=29464
“Inspection visit of armed forces stationed in Abyan,” SABA, March 7, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://sabanews.net/ar/news262452.htm
[77] “111th Infantry Brigade affirms readiness to confront terrorists,” SABA, April 2, 2011. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/en/news238794.htm
Mohammed al Kibsi, Abdul-Aziz Oudah, and Nasser Arrabyee , “Yemen based al-Qaeda plans strikes on Sana’a and Mukala,” Yemen Observer, March 9, 2012. Available: http://www.yobserver.com/front-page/10021946.html
“Leader of the Southern Military Zone and all its leaders renew their commitment to the legitimacy of the constitution,” 26 September, March 29, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/nprint.php?lng=arabic&sid=72620
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“Military source: terrorists attack military site in Wadi Dofes,” SABA, March 3, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news262172.htm
[79] “Leader of the 119 Infantry Brigade expresses happiness with victory of armed forces against members of al Qaeda,” SABA, September 18, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news248530.htm
“Tens of militants killed, including leaders, in Dofes and Abyan tribes demand that the Southern Military Zone stop conspiring against ‘25’,” Mareb Press, July 23, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://marebpress.asrarpress.net/news_details.php?sid=35499&lng=arabic
[80] “Decree assigning commander for Anad camp issued,” SABA, March 12, 2011. Available: http://sabanews.net/en/news237556.htm
“Defense Minister inspects fighers at al Wahda Camp in Zinjibar,” SABA, September 11, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news248009.htm
“Last day for Mehdi Maqwala in Aden and the catastrophe for hundreds of Yemeni families,” al Masdar Online, March 6, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.almasdaronline.com/index.php?page=news&article-section=1&news_id=29464
“201st Mechanized Brigade begins the year of combat and operation training and psychological preparations for 2012,” SABA, January 12, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news258554.htm
[81] “201st Mechanized Brigade begins the year of combat and operation training and psychological preparations for 2012,” SABA, January 12, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news258554.htm
[82] “Decree assigning commander for Anad camp issued,” SABA, March 12, 2011. Available: http://sabanews.net/en/news237556.htm
[83] “Leader of the Southern Military Zone and all its leaders renew their commitment to the legitimacy of the constitution,” 26 September, March 29, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/nprint.php?lng=arabic&sid=72620
“Air force demonstrations to oust Saleh's brother spread, but not to al Sami base or Badr base in Aden,” Aden al Ghad, January 31, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://adenalghad.net/news/7138.htm#ixzz1qVoOs4z0
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“Governor of al Daleh visits the 35th Armored Brigade and views military display for anniversary of the revolution,” SABA, September 26, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news249316.htm
[85] “New Appointments in the Armed Forces,” al Motamar, November 17, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.almotamar.net/news/95009.htm
Zaki al Saqladi, “Violent clashes between gunmen and the military in Dhaleh,” al Masdar Online, January 29, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.almasdaronline.com/index.php?page=news&article-section=1&news_id=28235
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“Defense Minister visits the 39th Armored Brigade and special battalion in Badr Camp in the Southern Military Zone,” SABA, October 29, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news252061.htm
[87] “Leader of the Southern Military Zone and all its leaders renew their commitment to the legitimacy of the constitution,” 26 September, March 29, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/nprint.php?lng=arabic&sid=72620
“Four soldiers dead and 21 wounded from army in car bomb attack in Mansour, Aden,” 26 September, July 24, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/news_details.php?sid=75308&lng=arabic
[88] “Issue of Republican Decree appointing commanders of some brigades,” SABA, April 6, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news265212.htm
[89] “Issue of Republican Decree appointing commanders of some brigades,” SABA, April 6, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news265212.htm
“Air force demonstrations to oust Saleh's brother spread, but not to al Sami base or Badr base in Aden,” Aden al Ghad, January 31, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://adenalghad.net/news/7138.htm#ixzz1qVoOs4z0
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Ibrahim Al Qadimi, “Military Divisions Speed Saleh's Fall,” Al Jazeera, March 22, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.aljazeera.net/news/pages/e3c01d1d-2dc7-4033-8ea2-7a3029586797
[92] “Heroes of the 9th Mechanized Infantry Brigade of the Republican Guard in Dhamar renew the oath of loyalty to the nation and their stance beside legitimacy,” 26 September, May 28, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/news_details.php?lng=arabic&sid=74107
“The police academy and over ten brigades announce their support for the revolution,” al Sahwa, March 21, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.alsahwa-yemen.net/arabic/subjects/1/2011/3/21/8215.htm
[93] “President visits Dhamar,” SABA, February 2, 2009. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news175206.htm
“President Saleh visits Dhamar,” SABA, July 15, 2008. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/en/news159070.htm
[94] “Burying martyrs of duty in Abyan governorate,” 26 September, March 8, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.26sep.net/news_details.php?lng=arabic&sid=80112
“Funeral for a number of martyrs of duty in Sana'a,” SABA, November 23, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/print253922.htm
[95] “Military academics ask men of the armed forces to participate actively in the elections and to create a safe environment for success,” SABA, January 28, 2012 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/print259141.htm
“Abu Musa al Ashari Camp and a number of military units stand with the constitutional legitimacy,” SABA, March 29, 2011 [Arabic]. Available: http://www.sabanews.net/ar/news238610.htm