Click for Situation Reports on Yemen.
Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) operates out of Yemen, a fragile state plagued by a myriad of socio-economic and security challenges. The population of Yemen faces high levels of poverty and unemployment, a low literacy rate, and an addiction to a drug called “qat.” Furthermore, Yemen’s natural resources are depleting. The al Houthi movement in the north has increased its influence substantially since 2011. The Southern Movement leadership is calling for secession and the re-establishment of a South Yemen. Both pose an existential threat to the government and place a significant strain on its resources and security apparatus. The combination of these factors creates an environment in which AQAP finds shelter, allowing it to train and prepare for attacks. This section provides analysis and background information on the security challenges in Yemen.
Exploring ISIS in Yemen
Ramadan Bombings: Part of ISIS's Global Strategy?
Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula Mid-Level Leadership
Saudi Unit Deployments to the Yemen Border
Desknote: The Growing Threat of ISIS in Yemen
Map: al Houthi Areas of Influence
2015 Yemen Crisis Situation Reports
ISIS in Yemen: Fueling the Sectarian Fire
Yemen Order of Battle
Why America's Yemen Policy is Failing, CNN
Sana'a Under Siege: Yemen's Uncertain Future
Warning: AQAP's Looming Threat in Yemen
AQAP's Campaign against the Yemeni Military
Yemen's Counter-Terrorism Quandary
Yemen's Pivotal Moment
Testimony: AQAP's Role in the al Qaeda Network
Mutiny in the Yemeni Military
A New Wave of Military Restructuring Decrees in Yemen
Desknote: The Southern Movement Uprising
Tribal Militias in Yemen: Al Bayda and Shabwah
Yemen's Military Restructuring: Removing Saleh's Networks
Al Qaeda in Yemen: Countering the Threat from the Arabian Peninsula
Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula: Leaders and their Networks
Abyani Tribes and al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula in Yemen
Yemen's Military Shake-Up: Weakening Ousted Saleh's Network
Insurgency in Yemen: The New Challenge to American Counter-Terrorism Strategy
The Parallel Revolution in Yemen
Recipe for Failure: American Strategy toward Yemen and al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula
Taiz: The Heart of Yemen's Revolution
The Death of AQAP's Anwar al Awlaki
Ten Years After 9/11: Al Qaeda's Reemergence in Yemen
Al Qaeda's Gains in South Yemen
Terror Partnership: AQAP and Shabaab
Al Qaeda's Yemen Strategy
Crisis in Yemen and U.S. Objectives
Yemen Strategic Exercise
Yemen Protests: U.S. Policy in Crisis
Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula in 2010: The Intensification of the Near War
Militant Islam's Global Preacher: The Radicalizing Effect of Sheikh Anwar al Awlaki
President Saleh's Missed Opportunity: Yemen's Decision to Reject an al Houthi Cease-fire
Terrorist Rehabilitation in Yemen?
Testimony Before the Senate Foreign Relations Committee
January 15th Strike: Targeting al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) Leaders and Implications
Christmas Day Attack: Manifestation of AQAP Shift Targeting America
Christmas Day 2009 Airline Bombing: Yemen and al Qaeda Context
Denying al Qaeda a Safe Haven in Yemen
A Critical War in a Fragile Country: Yemen's Battle with the Shiite al Houthi Rebels
Yemen Crisis Situation Reports
Tracker: Unrest in Southern Yemen
Tracker: AQAP and Suspected AQAP Attacks in 2010, 2011 and 2012
Yemen Protests Briefing Packet
Critical Threats Project Briefing on Yemen and AQAP
Yemen's Southern Challenge: Background on the Rising Threat of Secessionism
Profile: al Houthi Movement
Map of al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula Attacks in Yemen
Map of Yemen Unrest
Map of Sana'a
Yemen Conflict Map
Battle Map of Conflict Area on Border of Saudi Arabia and Yemen
Update on the Crisis in Yemen, May 16, 2011
Al Qaeda and its Affiliates Exploit Yemen Unrest, April 4, 2011
Yemen Protests Update, March 28, 2011
Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula's English-Language Magazine, July 13, 2010
Anwar al Awlaki - Militant Islam's Global Preacher, March 12, 2010
A Missed Opportunity in Yemen? February 4, 2010
Yemen, AQAP, and a Way Forward, January 21, 2010
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In Yemen, No Good Options are Left, National Review Online, January 22, 2015
Obama's Counterterrorism Strategy is Already Failing, U.S. News and World Report, September 11, 2014
Don't Replicate the Failure of Yemen, The Weekly Standard, Sepetmber 11, 2014
Al Qaeda's Yemen-based Affiliate is Alive and Well, The Daily Caller, May 8, 2012
He's Back: Implications of Saleh's Return to Yemen, AEI Center for Defense Studies, September 23, 2011
Yemen Slides Toward Civil War, The Weekly Standard, June 3, 2011
Unrest in Yemen Could Benefit AQAP, The Corner: National Review Online, March 31, 2011
The Shifting Tactics of AQAP, The Corner: National Review Online, November 24, 2010
The Continued al Qaeda Threat from Yemen, The Daily Caller, November 1, 2010
A Litmus Test for Yemen, The Corner: National Review Online, August 23, 2010
We Must Not Forget About Yemen, The Corner: National Review Online, July 9, 2010
Eliminating al-Awlaki, The Corner: National Review Online, April 7, 2010
How to Apply 'Smart Power' in Yemen, The Wall Street Journal, January 13, 2010
It's a War. Where's the Strategy?, The Corner: National Review Online, January 7, 2010
IN THIS SECTION
Al Qaeda’s Yemen-based affiliate has been quietly expanding as the country descends further into civil war. It may be one of the few beneficiaries of Yemen’s collapse, other than the Islamic State, which is developing its own Yemeni franchise.
The terrorist threat from Yemen is growing. Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula has expanded and strengthened as the Yemeni state has collapsed. The US must identify a way forward and lead a coordinated regional response in Yemen.
The Islamic State in Iraq and al Sham (ISIS) is attempting to expand its footprint in Yemen. A Timestream case study reveals insights into ISIS's reach inside of Yemen.
The al Houthi movement, an armed Zaydi Shi’a group that fought six wars with the Yemeni state between 2004 and 2010, expanded its influence in Yemen considerably in 2014.
The Islamic State in Iraq and al Sham (ISIS) claimed a coordinated attack in Yemen’s capital hours after it occurred. The timing of ISIS’s spectacular attack may mark the beginning of an ISIS Ramadan offensive in Yemen.
Al Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula’s (AQAP) ability to produce and train new leaders remains unabated despite years of Yemeni and U.S. counterterrorism operations. AQAP’s resilience stems from its formalized mid-level leadership structure with three components: a chain of command, a training and education program, and a consistent promotion process.
An archive of the 2015 Yemen Crisis Situation Reports.
Saudi military deployments to the Yemeni border since Operation Decisive Storm (now Operation Restoring Hope) was launched on March 25, 2015, are drawn from both Royal Saudi Land Forces and Saudi Arabian National Guard units.
Groups claiming loyalty to the Islamic State in Iraq and al Sham (ISIS) are emerging throughout Yemen. It is unknown whether these pro-ISIS groups have ties to ISIS in Iraq and whether they operate together or independently. The groups call themselves wilayats (provinces) following standard ISIS practice. There are seven known wilayats operating in ten Yemeni provinces: Sa’ada, Sana’a, al Jawf, al Bayda, Taiz, Ibb, Lahij, Aden, Shabwah, and Hadramawt.
This Order of Battle (ORBAT) describes the structure and placement of the Saudi-led coalition forces involved in Operations Decisive Storm and Restoring Hope in Yemen.