Pakistan Security Brief - April 4, 2011

Forty one people killed in Punjab suicide bombing; Suicide bombing in Lower Dir; ISI chief given one-year extension; Wikileaks: Kayani obstacle to India-Pakistan deal on Kashmir; Associated Press: LeT has expanded global presence; UK refuses to extradite Musharraf; Tribesmen clash with LI in Khyber; Eleven injured in Khyber blast; Ten militants killed in Darra Adam Khel; Nine militants killed in Orakzai; Ten schoolchildren kidnapped in Kurram; Body of tribal elder found in SWA; Zardari pledges to implement FATA reforms; IDPs to return to Mohmand and Bajaur; Eight militants killed in Hangu; Lashkar leader escapes attack; Two electricity pylons blown up; Express Tribune: 109 killed in Karachi by ‘target killings’ in first quarter of 2011; U.S. not involved in Davis ‘blood money’ negotiations; Quetta Express train attacked; NATO vehicle assaulted in Wadh; Bodies recovered in Dera Bugti; Patek may be extradited to Indonesia.

 

Major Suicide Bombings

 
 

ISI Chief Given Extension

 
 

Kayani Obstacle to India-Pakistan “Deal”

  • The Hindu reports that according to WikiLeaks documents, the British government previously considered General Kayani, the Pakistani Army chief of staff, as the only "remaining obstacle" to an agreement between Pakistan and India on Kashmir in 2008. Allegedly Kayani was reluctant to agree to the deal, though Prime Minister Manmohan Singh and President Zardari were ready to sign. The assessment was made during a visit to Pakistan by British Foreign Secretary David Miliband. [iv]
 
 

Profile on LeT

  • The Associated Press details Lashkar-e-Taiba’s expanded presence on the global state, highlighting their worldwide networks, international funding, and links with other militant groups. Unidentified intelligence analysts have reported that the group may expand its reach to areas outside of South Asia, as operatives have been operatives have been found in Australia, Europe, East Asia and the United States.[v]
 
 

Musharraf Arrest Warrant

  • The British government has refused to extradite former President Pervez Musharraf, wanted in Pakistan for his alleged role in the Benazir Bhutto assassination case. The extradition could not be executed due to the lack of a formal extradition treaty between Pakistan and the United Kingdom.[vi]
 
 

FATA

  • Zakha Khel tribesman and members of Lashkar-e-Islam (LI) clashed in the Tirah valley of Khyber Agency, resulting in twenty deaths and fifty injuries. The fighting erupted following the murder of a scholar of the Zakha Khel tribe, Maulana Hasan. Local sources claim that LI leader Mangal Bagh may have been injured in the clash.[vii]
  • Eleven soldiers were injured in a blast in the Aka Khel area of Khyber Agency on Saturday. The soldiers were attacked by an improvised explosive device (IED), injuring the soldiers and destroying a vehicle.[viii]
  • Ten militants were killed in a gun battle with security forces in Darra Adam Khel, reportedly including five commanders of the TTP. The fighting began with an attack on security forces in Tor Chapar, leaving a security officer and a havaldar (sergeant) dead.[ix]
  • Nine militants were killed in Orakzai after security forces launched an operation in the Dabori area. The insurgents had attacked a security checkpoint in the area and were killed in retaliatory fire by the security personnel. Three security officers were also hurt in the initial assault.[x]
  • On Saturday, ten schoolchildren were kidnapped in the Baggan area of Kurram Agency. The children were released later that day after a local jirga negotiated with the militants for their release.[xi]
  • The body of a tribal elder in South Waziristan was found near Wana, six weeks after first being kidnapped. Sardar Amanuddin had previously encouraged members of the Mehsud tribe to return to the South Waziristan tribal region, despite the Taliban warning tribesmen against returning to the agency. [xii]
  • On Saturday, President Zardari pledged to implement reforms in the FATA region. According to The News, the President affirmed that the Political Parties Act “reforms would help remove the sense of deprivation among the people and hoped that the remaining problems of tribal areas would also be solved with the implementation of reforms.” A representative for the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N) also urged Zardari to announce an economic package for the FATA region.[xiii]
  • On Sunday, the FATA Disaster Management Authority announced that internally displaced people (IDPs) would be voluntarily repatriated to their homes in Mohmand and Bajaur agencies beginning April 11. The FATA Disaster Management Authority has stated that there are 50,000 displaced families from Bajaur Agency while the displaced families from Mohmand Agency number around 30, 800.[xiv]
 

 

Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa

 
 

‘Target Killings in Karachi’

  • The Express Tribune reports that at least 109 people were killed in Karachi as a result of ‘target killings’ in the first quarter of 2011, according to estimates by the Karachi police. Meanwhile, the Human Rights Commission places the number at 260 killed. The discrepancy is reportedly due to NGOs relying on media reports to calculate their figures, while the police make their estimates based on individual case details. The director of the Pakistan Institute for Peace Studies has additionally claimed that organized criminal gangs have been coordinating with terror groups in Karachi. He stated that, “We need to study how the underworld groups affiliated with political parties collide or collaborate with extremist groups.”[xviii]
 
 

Raymond Davis Fallout

  • An elder brother of one of the victims killed by CIA-contractor Raymond Davis has stated that the United States was not directly involved in the negotiations over 'blood money.' He also admitted that his family was under no pressure to accept the blood money deal. His family is currently in hiding in the Toba Tek Singh district of Punjab out of fear for their safety.[xix]
 
 

Attacks in Balochistan

 
 

Umar Patek Arrest

  • On Friday, Pakistani officials announced that Umar Patek, the suspect arrested for his role in the 2002 Bali nightclub bombings, may be extradited to Indonesia if his identity is confirmed. A senior intelligence official stated that, “An Indonesian team is coming. It is expected to be here soon. We are going to hand him over to Indonesian authorities. There is no plan to hand him over to the Americans.”[xxiii]
 
 
 
 

[i] “Twin suicide attacks 'kill 41' at Pakistan shrine,” AFP, April 3, 2011. Available athttp://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20110403/wl_asia_afp/pakistanunrestblastshrine
[ii] “Suicide bomber kills eight in Lower Dir,” Dawn, April 4, 2011. Available at
[iii] “Khawar Ghumman, “Gilani says ISI chief given one-year extension,” Dawn, April 2, 2011. Available at http://www.dawn.com/2011/04/02/gilani-says-isi-chief-given-one-year-extension.html
[iv] Hasan Suroor, “How the U.K. saw Kayani as ‘obstacle' to deal on Kashmir,” The Hindu, April 3, 2011. Available at
[v] Kathy Gannon, “Pakistani militant group a global terror threat,” Associated Press, April 2nd, 2011. Available at
[vi] “UK refuses to hand over Musharraf,” The News, April 3, 2011. Available at http://www.thenews.com.pk/TodaysPrintDetail.aspx?ID=5037&Cat=13
[vii] Pakhtun Shinwari, “Khyber clash leaves 20 dead, 50 injured,” Pajhwok Afghan News, April 2nd, 2011. Available at
[viii] “Eleven troops injured in Bara convoy ambush,” Dawn, April 2, 2011. Available at http://www.dawn.com/2011/04/02/eleven-troops-injured-in-bara-convoy-ambush.html
[ix] Abdul Sami Paracha, “Five Taliban ‘commanders’ killed in Darra,” Dawn, April 4, 2011. Available at http://www.dawn.com/2011/04/04/five-taliban-commanders-killed-in-darra.html
[x] “Nine militants killed in Orakzai,” Dawn, April 2, 2011. Available at http://www.dawn.com/2011/04/02/nine-militants-killed-in-orakzai.html
[xi] “Ten schoolchildren kidnapped in Kurram released,” Dawn, April 2, 2011. Available at http://www.dawn.com/2011/04/02/ten-schoolchildren-kidnapped-in-kurram.html
[xii] Ishtiaq Mahsud, “Abducted tribal elder found dead in Pakistan,” Associated Press, April 4th, 2011. Available at
[xiii] “President Zardari vows to implement Fata reforms Syed Bukhar Shah,” The News, April 3, 2011. Available at http://www.thenews.com.pk/TodaysPrintDetail.aspx?ID=39602&Cat=7
[xiv] “Bajaur, Mohmand IDPs start returning home,” Dawn, April 4, 2011. Available at
[xv] “Security forces’ counter attack kills 15 militants in North West,” Dawn, April 3, 2011. Available at
[xvi] Ali Hazrat Bacha, “Peace committee leader escapes blast,” Dawn, April 3, 2011. Available at http://www.dawn.com/2011/04/03/peace-committee-leader-escapes-blast.html
[xvii] “Power pylons destroyed in blasts,” Dawn, April 2, 2011. Available at http://www.dawn.com/2011/04/02/power-pylons-destroyed-in-blasts.html
[xviii] Salman Siddiqui, “Target killings: Karachi deaths exceed 109 in first quarter of 2011.” Express Tribune, April 2, 2011. Available at http://tribune.com.pk/story/141405/target-killings-karachi-deaths-exceed-109-in-first-quarter-of-2011/?sms_ss=facebook
[xix] "US not directly involved in blood money deal, says victim's brother." Dawn, April 1, 2011. Available at http://www.dawn.com/2011/04/01/us-not-directly-involved-in-blood-money-deal-says-victim%E2%80%99s-brother.html
[xx] “Blast derails Quetta Express,” Dawn, April 2, 2011. Available at http://www.dawn.com/2011/04/02/blast-derails-quetta-express.html
[xxi] “Two injured in attack on NATO container,” Dawn, April 2, 2011. Available at http://www.dawn.com/2011/04/02/two-injured-in-attack-on-nato-container.html
[xxii] “Three bodies found, two killed in landmine blast,” Dawn, April 3, 2011. Available at
[xxiii] "Pakistan ready to hand suspected militant to Indonesia," Dawn, April 1, 2011. Available at http://www.dawn.com/2011/04/01/pakistan-ready-to-hand-suspected-militant-to-indonesia.html