Please find below the most recent in-depth analysis pieces from CriticalThreats.org.
An international coalition led by Saudi Arabia began airstrikes against al Houthi positions in Yemen in order to reinstall Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi’s government. The entrance of Gulf and Arab nations’ militaries into the conflict significantly escalates the risk that the Yemen crisis will become a regional war.
Just when Yemen looked like it couldn’t get any worse, this week the Houthis, a Zaydi Shia rebel group from northern Yemen that already controls much of the country’s capital, advanced toward the southern port city of Aden, reportedly forcing the U.S.-recognized Yemeni president Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi to flee and prompting Saudi Arabia to begin military operations.
The al Houthis and allied military forces seized a strategic military base directly north of Aden from which U.S. troops withdrew days earlier. The al Houthi move is an attempt to force President Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi to surrender or flee Aden, where Hadi has based his rival government.
The Critical Threats Project releases a weekly update and assessment on Iran and the al Qaeda network.
The United States announced it is withdrawing all remaining personnel from Yemen, citing the security conditions. Al Houthis and Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi are beginning to draw battle lines in what looks like a fledgling civil war in Yemen.
The Islamic State in Iraq and al Sham claimed credit for a deadly attack in Yemen. The targets of the attack match traditional ISIS methodology, designed to stoke sectarian war, and are a sharp deviation from historical al Qaeda’s practice.
A militant Islamist attack in Tunis on March 18 that killed at least 20 foreigners represents a major inflection point in a country where terrorist attacks are rare. ISIS claimed responsibility for the attack, and if confirmed, it would signify the arrival of ISIS’s presence in Tunisia.
The Islamic State in Iraq and al Sham bombed two Zaydi mosques frequented by al Houthis in the capital, Sana’a, killing over 77 people. The attack was likely designed to inflame sectarian tensions in Yemen.
Abdu Rabbu Mansour Hadi, still recognized by the U.S. and others as Yemen’s president, is building a loyal military force in Aden and continues to contest the al Houthi claim over Yemen’s central government.
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